Book/Article/Report

Titlesort descending Author Abstract
FPI Fact Sheet: Five Steps to Hasten Assad’s Exit Foreign Policy Initiative This article outlines a five-step process to speed up the removal of Syrian President Bashar Assad in light of mass demonstrations which began in early 2011. The guide details the roles the United...
FPI Fact Sheet: Five Steps to Hasten Assad’s Exit The Foreign Policy Initiative
The Power of the Powerless Vaclav Havel
The Use of Non-Custodial Measures in the Administration of Justice - This chapter prepared by OHCHR familiarizes readers with the existing international standards that promote the use of non-custodial measures. It explains the aim of non-custodial measures and their...
کنشهای کوچک و مثال زدنی از ایستادگی مدنی - بخش دهم
کنشهای کوچک و مثال زدنی از ایستادگی مدنی - بخش چهارم
10 Most Censored Countries Committee to Protect Journalists In this 2012 report, the Committee to Protect Journalists identifies the ten most censored countries in the world. Eritrea tops the list as the world’s worst censor, followed closely by North Korea,...
10 Most Censored Countries (2012) Committee to Protect Journalists
10 Steps for Planning a Successful Webinar Chris Peters and Kami Griffiths This tip sheet by TechSoup explains how to organize and produce online seminars for non-profit organizations.
198 Methods of Nonviolent Action Gene Sharp This is a categorized list of methods of non-violent action, first published by Dr. Gene Sharp in his 1973 book, The Politics of Nonviolent Action, Vol. 2: The Methods of Nonviolent Action.
2009 Freedom on the Net Report Mariam Memarsedeghi
2009 International Religious Freedom Report: Iran US State Department
2010 Circumvention Tool Usage Report Berkman Center for Internet and Society
2010 Circumvention Tool Usage Report Hal Roberts, Ethan Zuckerman, Jillian York, Rob Faris, John Palfrey This paper evaluates the usage of blocking-resistant circumvention tools, simple web proxies, and VPN services and finds that overall usage of circumvention tools is still very small in proportion to...
2010 Index of Economic Freedom: Iran Heritage Foundation
2010 Index of Economic Freedom: Iran - A report on Iran's level of economic freedom, covering business, trade, monetary, investment, financial, and fiscal freedom, property rights, government spending, freedom from corruption, and labor...
2010 Report on Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attacks Ethan Zuckerman, Hal Roberts, Ryan McGrady, Jillian York, John Palfrey This paper evaluates the impact of distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks on independent media and human rights sites in nine countries, as well as the broader impact of DDoS worldwide, and...
2010 Report on Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Attacks Berkman Center for Internet and Society
2011 Index of Economic Freedom Terry Miller, Kim R. Holmes et al. The 2011 Index of Economic Freedom reports on economic policy developments since the second half of 2009 in 183 economies. Based on 10 measures that evaluate openness, the rule of law, and...
2011 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Heiner Bielefeldt Special Rapporteur: Heiner Bielefeldt In this 2011 submission to the Human Rights Council, the Special Rapporteur stresses the importance of clearly distinguishing between the different official meanings of recognition of religious...
2012 Index of Economic Freedom Terry Miller, Kim R. Holmes, Edwin J. Feulner et al. The 2012 Index, the 18th edition, analyzes economic policy developments in 184 countries since the second half of 2010. Somalia, though not formally graded, returns to the Index for the first time...
2012 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Heiner Bielefeldt Special Rapporteur: Heiner Bielefeldt In the present report, the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief gives an overview of the mandate activities since the submission of his previous report to the Human Rights Council (A/...
2012 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Heiner Bielefeldt: Elimination of all Forms of Religious Intolerance Special Rapporteur: Heiner Bielefeldt In this submission to the United Nations, the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief focuses on the right of conversion. The Special Rapporteur distinguishes the following four...
2013 Index of Economic Freedom Terry Miller, Kim R. Holmes, Edwin J. Feulner et al. On a worldwide basis, the advance of economic freedom has ground to a halt. Since peaking in 2008, when the average economic freedom score reached 60.2 on the Index 0–100 scale, global economic...
2013 Press Freedom Annual Round-Up: 71 Journalists Were Killed in 2013 Reporters Without Borders The annual toll of journalists killed in connection with their work was again very high in 2013, although this year’s number, 71, was a slight fall on last year’s, according to the 2013 round-up of...
2013 Report of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Heiner Bielefeldt Special Rapporteur: Heiner Bielefeldt In the present report, the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief provides an overview of the activities of the mandate since the submission of the previous report to the Human Rights...
2014 Index of Economic Freedom Terry Miller, Anthony B. Kim, Kim R. Holmes et al. The 20th edition of the Index of Economic Freedom shows economic freedom once again on the rise, reaching the highest point in the Index’s 20-year history.
2014 Index of Economic Freedom: Iran Iran’s economic freedom score is 40.3, making its economy the 173rd freest in the 2014 Index. Its score has decreased by 2.9 points from last year, reflecting deteriorations in six of the 10 economic...
25 Years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Is the World a better place for children? A collection of essays and viewpoints marking the 25th anniversary of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. There is much to celebrate since the Convention was adopted in 1989, from declining...
A Critique on Arash Naraghi's Islamic Philosophy Akbar Ganji This resource is only in Persian.
A Cry for Justice: The Voices of Chinese Workers Alber Shanker Institute
A Cry for Justice: The Voices of Chinese Workers - This book contains accounts by Chinese workers. The accounts were collected by Han Dongfang, the former leader of the Beijing Workers’ Autonomous Federation (BWAF), an independent labor group...
A Discussion of Vaclav Havel's Ideas about Fear for Today's Iran Ladan Boroumand Havel published his letter to Husák just a few months before the passing of another great mind, Hannah Arendt (1906-75). In this webinar, the content of this letter is examined. This resource is only...
A Framework of Violence: Repression of the Arab Ethnic Minority in the Islamic Republic of Iran Iran Human Rights Documentation Center The Arab ethnic minority in the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) has been subjected to a long history of political, economic and cultural discrimination by successive Iranian governments. This report...
A Guide to New Media in Iran Center for International Media Assistance This report examines how social networking tools such as Twitter, Facebook, blogs, YouTube, Flickr, and Wikipedia have changed the way Iranian citizens communicate with each other as well as with the...
A Guide to New Media in Iran Center for International Media Assistance
A Handbook for Peer Educators: Addressing HIV/AIDS in the Workplace ILO Subregional Office for the Caribbean
A Handbook for Peer Educators: Addressing HIV/AIDS in the Workplace - In the last decade the growth of the HIV prevalence in Iran among injecting drug users has shifted from ‘low prevalence’ to a ‘concentrated epidemic.’ According to UNAIDS, the Joint United Nations...
A History of United Nations Special Representatives and Rapporteurs in Iran This chart collects UN Special Representative and Rapporteur activity in Iran since 1980.
A Legal Analysis on Violation of Rights in the Post-Election Events Shadi Sadr This legal commentary examines the unlawful crackdown on dissent following Iran’s June 12, 2009 presidential election and highlights cases in which basic human rights protected by the Iranian...
A Legal Analysis on Violation of Rights in the Post-Election Events Shadi Sadr
A Look at Internet Filtering Laws in Iran, China and the USA
A Look at the Institutions and Decision Making of the Judiciary in the Islamic Republic of Iran Majid Mohammadi This Tavaana-exclusive book is not a detailed historical and comparative research on Iran's judiciary but a descriptive and analytic report on aspects of Iranian judiciary system under the Islamic...
A Look to the Terms of Contracts
A Return to the Self Mehdi Jami This resource is only available in Persian.
A Room of One's Own Virginia Woolf
A Room of One's Own Virginia Woolf The author discusses the financial independence of women and the low value of housekeeping jobs in new societies. This resource is only available in Persian.
A Struggle from the Ground Up: The Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa Tavaana
A Woman’s Right to Terminate the Marriage Contract: The Case of Iran Ziba Mir-Hosseini In this article, the author details the salient features of the marriage contract in classical Shi'i law, with a view to identifying the assumptions behind the rules regulating its formation and...
A Year Later: Suppression Continues in Iran Iran Human Rights Documentation Center
A Year Later: Suppression Continues in Iran Iran Human Rights Documentation Center This Iran Human Rights Documentation Center report describes the state of freedoms in Iran one year after the 2009 fraudulent elections including suppression of demonstrations, arrests and detentions...
Abbas Milani’s Speech Abbas Milani In this speech, Abbas Milani talks about the status of Baha’is in Iran and their history. This resource is only available in Persian.
Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering Open Net Initiative
Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering Ronald Deibert, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain et al. This comprehensive guide explores the way that countries around the world have sought to filter internet access to their citizens. It includes chapters on the politics andmechanisms of internet...
Accountability, Responsibility and Transparency Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute This article focuses on the responsibility of the state to its citizens.   
Accountability, Responsibility and Transparency Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Achieving Equal Employment Opportunities for People with Disabilities Through Legislation: Guidelines ILO
Achieving Equal Employment Opportunities for People with Disabilities Through Legislation: Guidelines - In the past it was assumed that the unemployment and underemployment of people with disabilities was interrelated to or an unavoidable consequence of the physical and mental impairments of the...
Addressing Anti-Semitism: Why and How? A Guide for Educators Yad Vashem and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe’s (OSCE) Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) This guide provides suggestions for educators who feel the need to address issues pertaining to contemporary anti-Semitism and discrimination. The guide offers a general overview of common...
Advent, Rise and Problems M.Ghaed
Advent, Rise and Problems Mohammad Ghaed This article delves into the most significant changes in Iran after the Islamic Revolution from a new perspective. This resource is only available in Persian.
Al Masry Al Youm: Transforming the Egyptian Press Tavaana
Al Masry Al Youm: Transforming the Egyptian Press Tavaana An exclusive Tavaana case study examining how publisher Hisham Kassem successfully established the independent newspaper Al Masry Al Youm as Egypt's leading source of investigate reporting.
Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) Mohsen Heidarian
Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859) Mohsen Heidarian This article discusses Alexis de Tocqueville, a modern intellectual whose main concerns were freedom and municipal councils. This resource is only available in Persian.
Amnesty International Report 2010, Iran Amnesty International
An Advocacy Guide for Feminists - This manual from the Association for Women’s Rights in Development’s Young Women and Leadership project describes how young feminists can effectively conduct activism.
An Introduction to Freedom David Boaz This article examines the history of freedom movements. This resource is only available in Persian.
An Introduction to Freedom David Boaz
An Open Letter to Gustav Husak Vaclav Havel "An Open Letter to Gustav Husak," was written by Vaclav Havel in the mid-1970s. Gustav Husak was then the general secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party. This letter is Havel's first major...
Anatomy of a Botnet Arbor Networks The Internet, a vast environment for both good and bad, has allowed a large criminal element to thrive. For evidence, look no further than the escalating growth of botnets and distributed denial of...
Ancient History Aristotle
Annual Report 2007 - Iran Reporters Without Borders This report provides documentation of violations of freedom of the press in Iran.
Annual Report 2007, Iran Reporters Without Borders
Annual Report 2008 - Iran Reporters Without Borders This report details the Iranian regime’s persecution of journalists throughout 2007.
Annual Report 2008, Iran Reporters Without Borders
Annual Report of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (2013)
Annual Report of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom 2013 U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom This annual U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom report provides an in-depth review of freedom of religion around the world. The report specifically addresses the religious freedom...
Annual Report of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom 2013 - Iran Chapter U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom This chapter from the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom’s 2013 Annual Report focuses on the status of religious freedom in Iran. The chapter details the Iranian government’s systemic...
Annual Report of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom 2014 - Iran Chapter U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom This chapter from the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom’s 2014 Annual Report focuses on the status of religious freedom in Iran. According to this report, the government of Iran...
Anti-capitalist Mentality
Anti-capitalist Mentality Ludwig von Mises This resource is only available in Persian.
Anti-Free Market Forces Gaining power by leftists in Latin America does not necessarily mean failure of free economy. This resource is only available in Persian.
Anti-Free Market Forces
Anti-Semitism Sima Rastin This resource is only in Persian.
Apocalypticism as a Political Discourse Mehdi Khalaji This article takes a look at the rise of discussion in Iranian politics (under Ahmadinejad's government) regarding the return of the Prophet at the end of the world.
Arsham Parsi's Speech at Toronto Gala 2006 Arsham Parsi Arsham Parsi is the spokesperson and secretary of human rights affairs of the Persian Gay and Lesbian Organization. This speech recounts his own personal journey for freedom and work on behalf of the...
Arsham Parsi's Speech at Toronto Gala 2006 Arsham Parsi
As Fragile as a Crystal Glass: Press Freedom in Iran Human Rights Watch This report outlines the degree of freedom of the press that exists in Iran as of the year 2000.
As Fragile as a Crystal Glass: Press Freedom in Iran Human Rights Watch
Assessing Guilt - “We gave the Nazis what they denied their opponents… the protection of the law.”  Former US Secretary of War Henry Stimson describing the International Military Tribunal held at Nuremberg, Germany
Attack on Civil Society in Iran Tori Egherman, Sohrab Razzaghi, Kamran Ashtary
Attack on Civil Society in Iran Tori Egherman, Sohrab Razzaghi, Kamran Ashtary This report gives detailed analysis of the rise of civil society in Iran by examining students’ and women’s movements. It then looks at how the regime stamps out opposition by criminalizing reform...
Attacks on the Press in 2009: A Worldwide Survey by the Committee to Protect Journalists Committee to Protect Journalists Attacks on the Press analyzes conditions for the news media in more than 100 countries across the world, charting advancements and documenting new dangers. According to this report, the changing...
Attacks on the Press in 2010: A Worldwide Survey by the Committee to Protect Journalists Committee to Protect Journalists Attacks on the Press analyzes conditions for the news media in more than 100 countries across the world, charting advancements and documenting new dangers. As Cuba frees jailed reporters and editors...
Attacks on the Press in 2011: A Worldwide Survey by the Committee to Protect Journalists Committee to Protect Journalists Trade and the Internet are turning us into global citizens, but the news we need to ensure accountability is often stopped at national borders. China is ramping up censorship, Iran is jailing dozens...
Attacks on the Press in 2012: Journalism on the World's Front Lines Committee to Protect Journalists A news crew crossing into Syria walks for three nights, legs aching and lungs burning, edging past army checkpoints to cover a war the government wants to obscure. A Liberian reporter dares to expose...
Attacks on the Press in 2013: Journalism on the World's Front Lines Committee to Protect Journalists Attacks on the Press analyzes conditions for the news media in more than 100 countries across the world, charting advancements and documenting new dangers. Front-line reports and analytical essays by...
Audience, Press and the Public Space Negin Nabavi
Aung San Suu Kyi: Leading the Burmese Democracy Movement
Aung San Suu Kyi: Leading the Burmese Democracy Movement Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study describes Aung San Suu Kyi’s nearly 20 year fight for democracy against Burma’s authoritarian rule. Though Suu Kyi was imprisoned for the majority of those years,...
Background to the Holocaust Mahyar Faravardeh This resource is only in Persian.
Biopower: Discussions on Disability and Social Change Saeed Sabzian This Tavaana-exclusive introduction to the disability rights movement in Iran presents different models of disability and formulates an argument for progressive change in Iranian society based on a...
Blog for a Cause: A Guide to Blog Advocacy Mary Joyce This manual explains how activists can use blogs as part of campaigns against injustice around the world.
Blogging: Reaching a Global Audience Easily and Affordably – from Anywhere Teresa Crawford Teresa Crawford, who set up the new HumaniNet blog, describes how a blog can enable field managers to share information seamlessly with decision makers and supporters, at almost no cost.
Blogs and Bullets: New Media in Contentious Politics USIP This report, authored by a team of scholars from The George Washington University, critically assesses both the “cyberutopian” and “cyberskeptic” perspectives on the impact of new media on political...
Blogs and Bullets: New Media in Contentious Politics USIP
Born Free and Equal: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in International Human Rights Law Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights The purpose of this booklet is to set out the core obligations that States have towards LGBT persons, and describe how United Nations mechanisms have applied international law in this context. For...
Bringing People Hope: Harvey Milk and the Gay Rights Movement in America Tavaana
Bringing People Hope: Harvey Milk and the Gay Rights Movement in America Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study examines the campaign for gay rights in America. Harvey Milk was the first openly gay man elected to public office in the United States and his drive for equality...
Building Women Entrepreneurs' Associations: A Participant's Guide ILO
Building Women Entrepreneurs' Associations: A Participant's Guide - Women Entrepreneurs’ Associations (WEAs) are a type of business association formed to address the challenges specific to women entrepreneurs. WEAs are normally voluntary, member-based non-profit...
Business Associations and Democratic Reform John D. Sullivan Although most groups involved in the process of democratic, market-based reform are well aware of the important economic policy fundamentals – such as macroeconomic stabilization, trade...
Business Principles for Countering Bribery Anna Nadgrodkiewicz This article discusses how countering bribery in both private and public sectors is a part of economic reform in the Middle East and North Africa. This resource is only available in Persian.
Business Principles for Countering Bribery Anna Nadgrodkiewicz
By the People: The Rise of Citizen Journalism Center for International Media Assistance
By the People: The Rise of Citizen Journalism Center for International Media Assistance This Center for International Media Assistance report offers an analysis of the power of citizen journalism using case studies from the Middle East, Mexico and Belarus.
Camera Phone Images, Videos and Live Streaming: A Contemporary Visual Trend Gaby David In light of recent political turmoil around the world, this report investigates the increasing importance of camera phone images and videos in citizen journalism and reporting in areas of the world...
Camera Phone Images, Videos and Live Streaming: A Contemporary Visual Trend Gaby David
Capitalism and Freedom Milton Friedman The writer examines the economic relationship between states and citizens from a liberal perspective based on individual rights. This resource is only available in Persian.
Capitalism and Freedom Milton Friedman
Cartoon Series: “Iranian LGBTQ Life” Saman Kohzad Using visual arts in the form of cartoons, this Iranian trans artist and activist revealed issues faced by the Iranian LGBTQ community through a collection of 50 cartoons.
CGNet Swara Mobile Media Toolkit
Challenging Repression: Human Rights Defenders in the Middle East and North Africa Amnesty International In the Middle East and North Africa region, human rights defenders are all too often vilified, persecuted and even criminalized for their peaceful activities. This report describes many of their...
Changing Discourse Toward Understanding, Inclusion and Rights for LGBT Iranians Iranian LGBT activist Arsham Parsi said he knew from the get go that Tavaana “would be an asset for the Iranian queer community and our human rights cause because Tavaana did not ignore us. Instead...
Changing Perceptions of Disability and Disability Rights in Iran An estimated eleven million Iranians have some form of disability, ranging from hereditary disabilities to those caused by the Iran-Iraq war, state violence, or high levels of air pollution in major...
Charter 08: Calling for Democracy in China Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study details Nobel Prize Winner Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese activist who challenged the Communist government by demanding for civic and political rights. The manifesto he and...
Charter 08: Calling for Democracy in China
Charter 77 Jan Patocka, Vaclav Havel and Jiri Hajek Charter 77, published in January 1977, gathered signatures from the Czechoslovak dissident movement's most prominent members. The movement surrounding the Charter, which emerged in response to the...
Children in Hazardous Work: What we know, what we need to do ILO
Children in Hazardous Work: What we know, what we need to do ILO This three-part report, written by the International Labor Organization, is a global call to action to protect children from hazardous work.  The first section of the report provides a general...
Children of Addiction Mehrangiz Kar In Children of Addiction, first published in the late 1980s, human rights defender Mehrangiz Kar warned that drug addiction among children and adolescents in Iran would become a national crisis if...
Children of Iran Audery Ramel This page provides an overview of the children's lives in Iran.
Children's Justice Manual, by Hossein Raeesi Justice is a response to the question, “How can human beings be saved from discrimination and inequality, and how can the growth of human capacities be cultivated?” That which distinguishes justice...
Children’s Right to Nationality Sebastian Kohn This document, produced by the Open Society Justice Initiative, urges the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child, the body that interprets the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to...
Children’s Right to Nationality Sebastian Kohn
Children’s Rights in the Digital Age Amanda Third, Delphine Bellerose, Urszula Dawkins, Emma Keltie, Kari Pihl This project was undertaken to provide children’s views on digital rights, at the upcoming Day of General Discussion of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. In 2014, 148 children from 16...
Civic Education in the neighborhood
Civic Partnership- Ethics Regulation Josh Litchman
Civic Partnership- Ethics Regulation Aleksandr Shkolnikov, Josh Litchman, John D. Sullivan This resource provides an overview of the history of ethics regulations between employees and employers. This resource is only available in Persian.
Civil Campaigns
Civil Disobedience Henry David Thoreau
Civil Disobedience Henry David Thoreau This essay, published in 1849, argues that people should not allow governments to overrule their consciences and make them the agents of injustice. Therefore, it proposes that citizens object to...
Civil Disobedience Henry David Thoreau This translation includes the full text of Henry David Thoreau's seminal 1849 essay Civil Disobedience, a work both Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr. directly credited as a major influence...
Civil Society and Civil Fight Gene Sharp, Robert Helvey
Civil Society and Civil Fight Gene Sharp, Robert Helvey In this book the best methods for civil disobedience are discussed. This resource is only available in Persian.
Claiming Rights, Claiming Justice: A Guidebook on Women Human Rights Defenders Asia Pacific Forum on Women, Law and Development (APWLD)
Combating Racial Discrimination: the UN and its Member States Minority Rights Group International This Minority Rights Group International report examines the international guidelines for how the UN and its member states report and deal with racism and recommendations to improve these practices.
Combating Racial Discrimination: the UN and its Member States Michael Banton
Combating Xenophobic Violence- A Framework for Action This Framework for Action continues the reporting and advocacy that Human Rights First has conducted since 2002 as part of its efforts to combat all forms of bias-motivated violence across the globe...
Coming Out میالد شارعی This resource is available in Persian only.
Common Sense Thomas Paine This pamphlet, published in 1776, presented an argument for American independence from British rule. It attacked the British system of government, especially the institution of the monarchy in...
Computer Crimes in Iran: Online repression in practice Article 19 This report presents a collection of narratives from Iranian civil society activists who have become victims of the Iranian regime’s sophisticated censorship apparatus and its suppression of digital...
Concepts of Power and Coercion in the Political Theory of Hannah Arendt Bahram Mohyi The article delves into Hannah Arendt’s view toward power and coercion in people’s social life. This resource is only available in Persian.
Concise Encyclopedia of Iran
Conscience over Atheism and Religion Alireza Manafzadeh The article discusses the book “Conscience, Tolerance or Intolerance” written by Stefan Tsvayg. This resource is only available in Persian.
Consent of the Networked Rebecca MacKinnon In “Consent of the Networked,” journalist, online censorship expert, and digital freedom activist Rebecca MacKinnon dispels the notion that the Internet and communications technology guarantee...
Constitution and the Limited State Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute This article discusses limiting the power of state based on the people’s right to political participation. This resource is only available in Persian. For more information, click here.
Constitution and the Limited State Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Constitution of the United States The United States Constitution is a broad framework that, even after 220 years, has the flexibility to adapt to a changing world.
Constitutional Obstacles: Human Rights and Democracy in Iran Mehrangiz Kar Starting with the end of the Iranian reform era in 2005, this article discusses the Iranian political system and the obstacles that it continues to pose for political participation in theory as well...
Constitutional Obstacles: Human Rights and Democracy in Iran Mehrangiz Kar
Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 The Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 serves as a reminder that the abuse of power, secret dealings and bribery continue to ravage societies around the world. The Index scores 177 countries and...
Corruption Perceptions Index 2014 Based on expert opinion from around the world, the Corruption Perceptions Index measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption worldwide, and it paints an alarming picture. Not one single...
Countries at the Crossroads 2012: Iran Golnaz Esfandiari This report, published by Freedom House, examines accountability and public voice, civil liberties, rule of law, and anti-corruption and transparency in Iran.
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – Iran 2005
Creating Safe Futures: Good Practices to Protect Children and Youth from Hazardous Work ILO This International Labor Organization report brings together specialists in occupational safety and health, youth employment and child labor from around the world to share strategies for preventing...
Creating Safe Futures: Good Practices to Protect Children and Youth from Hazardous Work ILO
Crimes Against Humanity: The Islamic Republic’s Attacks on the Bahá’ís This report complements two earlier publications, A Faith Denied: The Persecution of the Bahá’ís of Iran (2006) and Community Under Siege: The Ordeal of the Bahá’ís of Shiraz (2007). It argues that...
Crisis in the Global Economy and its Impact on Iran Office of Social Economic Planning
Crisis in the Global Economy and its Impact on Iran Office of Social Economic Planning This article anticipates the possibility of stagflation in Iran as a consequence the global economic crisis. This resource is only available in Persian.
Criticisms of Marxism Yadollah Moghen
Criticisms of Marxism Yadollah Moghen In this article, the political, economic and philosophical thoughts of Marx are discussed. This resource is only available in Persian.
Ctrl + Alt + Delete: Iran's Response to the Internet IHRDC
Ctrl + Alt + Delete: Iran's Response to the Internet IHRDC This IHRDC report documents Iran’s response to the rise of the Internet as a form of mass media. The report looks at new internet-related laws and the creation of multiple regulatory bodies, as well...
Cyber Army of Iran Behrouz Kamalian In this interview, Behrouz Kamalian discusses the new cyber army of Iran and the speculations about it. This resource is only available in Persian.
Cyber Army of the Revolutionary Guard Mehdi Mohseni
Daily Speech of Mohsen Sazegara Mohsen Sazegara
Dalgorki’s Confession Mina Yazdani
Deadly Fatwa: Iran's 1988 Prison Massacre This report documents and analyzes the Iranian government’s massacre of political prisoners in 1988. Pursuant to a fatwa issued by then-Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khomeini, the government...
Death Penalty in Iran: A State Terror Policy International Federation for Human Rights Published in October 2013, this report provides important data and analysis on the death penalty in Iran.  It includes information on the execution of juvenile offenders, religious and ethnic...
Death Penalty, the Ultimate Punishment Amnesty International
Death Penalty- Iran International Federation for Human Rights
Defending Civil Society ICNL, NED The report, co-authored by the International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL) and World Movement for Democracy Secretariat at the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), articulates well-defined...
Deficits and Future
Democracy Sidney Hook, revised by Jean Bethke Elshtain The word democracy has many meanings, but in the modern world its use signifies that the ultimate authority in political affairs rightfully belongs to citizens.
Democracy Sidney Hook
Democracy and Human Rights Case Studies Tavaana This compilation of selected Tavaana case studies explores struggles for democracy and human rights the world over. These exclusive Tavaana case studies are designed to offer an Iranian audience...
Democracy and Peace Bruce Russett This essay, written by Bruce Russett and translated to Persian by Tavaana, advocates a vision of international peace based on several factors. Russett, a political science professor at Yale, asserts...
Democracy and Secularism Noushabeh Amiri
Democracy and the United Nations United Nations The United Nations does not advocate for a specific model of government, but promotes democratic governance as a set of values and principles that should be followed for greater participation,...
Democracy in America Alexis de Tocqueville After his trip to the United States in 1831, Alexis de Tocqueville wrote this book about American democracy and its strengths and weaknesses.
Democracy in America Alexis de Tocqueville
Democracy in Arab Countries is Troublesome for Israel
Democracy in Arab Countries is Troublesome for Israel This article discusses the consequences of democratic revolutions in Arab countries. This resource is only available in Persian.
Democracy Web - Translation Eric Chenoweth Developed by the Albert Shanker Institute and Freedom House, Democracy Web offers an overview of the architecture of democracy, gives historical background information, and provides a framework for...
Denial Mahmood Sariolghalam This resource is only available in Persian.
Denial
Denied Identity: Human Rights Abuses Against Iran's LGBT Community
Denied Identity: Human Rights Abuses Against Iran's LGBT Community The report contains a thorough examination of discriminatory provisions in the IRI's Islamic Penal Code, as well as numerous witness accounts from LGBT persons about the persecution and...
Determined to Live in Dignity: Iranian Trade Unionists' Struggle for Rights Iran's workers are fighting to protect their rights and their livelihoods. Prohibited by law from unionizing freely and independently, they are battling for decent wages, better working conditions...
Developing a Policy Agenda and Message Before a party can hope to attract large numbers of supporters and, ultimately, win elections, it must develop an effective policy agenda and message. This resource is only available in Persian.
Developing a Text Messaging Based Community Domestic Violence Response System Using FrontlineSMS Anthony Papillon This paper explains how Anthony Papillon utilized Frontline SMS software to develop "FamilyFirst," a text messaging based system to provide a safe, reliable, way of reporting, recording, and...
Developing an Agenda and Slogans
Development of Private Sectors and its Impact on Economic Reforms- China
Digital Activism Through the Lens of Social Movement Theory Mary Joyce
Digital Activism Through the Lens of Social Movement Theory Mary Joyce This article seeks to promote a new understanding of digital activism through the lens of social movement theory.
Digital media in conflict-prone societies Center for International Media Assistance
Digital Media in Conflict-Prone Societies Ivan Sigal This report examines how the growth of citizen media has changed the information space around conflict, providing more people with the tools to record and share their experiences with the rest of the...
Digitally Networked Technology in Kenya’s 2007-2008 Post-Election Crisis Joshua Goldstein & Juliana Rotich
Digitally Networked Technology in Kenya’s 2007-2008 Post-Election Crisis Joshua Goldstein & Juliana Rotich This case study of the 2007-2008 election crisis in Kenya is part of a series produced by the Internet and Democracy Project at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. The project looks at...
Discovery of Secrets Rouhollah Khomeini
Discovery of Secrets Rouhollah Khomeini This book examines secrets about the authority of religious leaders and their involvement in politics. This resource is only available in Persian.
Discrimination Against Religious and Ethnic Minorities in the Islamic Republic Constitution Hossein Raeesi The Iranian nation is made up of diverse religious and ethnic groups. In a sense, Iran can be described as a multi-ethno-religious society. Religious and ethnic diversity throughout history has been...
Discrimination Against Religious and Ethnic Minorities in the the Islamic Republic's Constitution Hossein Raeesi The Iranian nation is made up of diverse religious and ethnic groups. In a sense, Iran can be described as a multi-ethno-religious society. Religious and ethnic diversity throughout history has been...
Disobedience, the Main Factor of Divorce in Tehran
Documenting Human Rights Violations by State Agents: Sexual Violence Amnesty International
Documenting Human Rights Violations by State Agents: Sexual Violence Amnesty International and International Center for Human Rights and Democratic Development This manual is intended to assist field workers who are collecting and disseminating information on sexual violence by state agents. It helps the reader prepare for fact-finding missions, provides...
Doing Business 2015: Iran, Islamic Rep. Doing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is for a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to medium-size business when complying with relevant regulations. It measures and tracks...
Dowry in the Day Rate Leyla Asadi
Early and Forced Marriages in the Islamic Republic of Iran This submission, was presented to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights on the occasion of the 26th session of the Human Rights Council, and provides a brief summary of violations of...
Economic Activity and Civic Participation
Economic Activity and Civic Participation Active civic participation is the main topic of this article. In addition, the article examines the moral aspect of economic activities. This resource is only available in Persian.
Economic Development and Islamic Finance Zamir Iqbal & Abbas Mirakhor This volume is an attempt to highlight some of the key features of Islamic finance relevant to economic development. The objective of the volume is to improve understanding of the perspective of...
Economic Freedom Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Economic Freedom - Today less political theorists are doubtful about the link between free and market-oriented economy and a free political system. This resource is only available in Persian.
Economic Reforms in Middle East and North Africa Anna Nadgrodkiewicz
Economics Glossary Here you can find English to Persian translations of key words and expressions in the field of economics. This resource is only available in Persian.
Economics Glossary
Educating Our Way Out of Human Trafficking
Educating Our Way Out of Human Trafficking In this fact sheet, the Global Freedom Center explains how education can alleviate the human trafficking epidemic. According to the Global Freedom Center, school officials, law enforcement, nurses...
Elections Defraud Report Elections Green Watch This report compiles evidence of election fraud and human rights violations after the 2009 election. This resource is only available in Persian.
Elections Defraud Report Elections Green Watch
Electoral Systems and the Protection and Participation of Minorities Andrew Reynolds This report considers the electoral systems behind different conflict situations worldwide, and examines and evaluates the level of minority inclusion. It shows clearly how the participation of...
Electoral systems and the protection and participation of minorities Minority Rights Group International
Elimination of all Forms of Religious Intolerance Special Rapporteur: Heiner Bielefeldt
Elimination of Discrimination against Women Mehrangiz Kar Elimination of Discrimination against Women By Mehrangiz Kar   Tavaana is proud to publish the seminal work of renowned Iranian human rights defender and women’s rights activist Mehrangiz Kar. “...
Enabling Environments for Civic Movements and the Dynamics of Democratic Transition Eleanor Marchant and Arch Puddington This Freedom House study further analyzes the findings of Freedom House’s How Freedom is Won Report, stating that pro-democracy movements can rise in any societal setting, regardless of political,...
Enabling Environments for Civic Movements and the Dynamics of Democratic Transition Eleanor Marchant and Arch Puddington
Ending Violence Against Women Lori Heise, Mary Ellsberg, Lic. Med. Sci., and Megan Gottemoeller This manual gives an overview of gender-based violence and its threats to health and development. It discusses how health care providers can help victims of gender-based violence and how society can...
Enemies of the Internet - Iran: Cyberspace Ayatollahs Reporters Without Borders This report provides details on the Iranian government’s efforts to block internet access within Iran. Content filtering, control over Internet service providers, the interception of communications,...
Enemies of the Internet 2012 Reporters Without Borders In its annual Internet Enemies index, Reporters Without Borders identifies 12 countries that are “enemies to the Internet” and 14 others that are “under surveillance.” For each country, including...
Enemies of the Internet 2013: Surveillance Reporters Without Borders The 2013 “Enemies of the Internet” report focuses on the subject of online surveillance. It takes a close look at the activities of five countries and five companies that are “leaders” in this domain...
Enemies of the Internet 2014: Entities at the Heart OF Censorship and Surveillance Reporters Without Borders The 2014 “Enemies of the Internet” report, which Reporters Without Borders publishes every year on World Day Against Cyber-Censorship (12 March), spotlights the government units and agencies that...
Ensuring Equal Access to High-Quality Education - This article discusses the positive effects that the Civil Rights Acts have had on the US education system.
Entrepreneurial Sustainable Capitalism William G... This article explains how the US economy has gained its power from entrepreneurial innovation in recent decades. This resource is only available in Persian.
Entrepreneurial Sustainable Capitalism William G...
Entrepreneurship Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) The main discussion of this article is the relationship between entrepreneurs and the legal system, public administration, and government policy. This resource is only available in Persian.
Equality for Women Means Progress for All Elahe Amani While the Millennium Development Goals were highlighted by the UN and other global agencies as ‘the most successful global anti-poverty push in history’ (MDG Report 2013), looking at the challenges...
Erzsebet Szekeres Assistance for the Disabled in Hungary Majid Mohammadi Szekeres has created a network from 21 centers throughout Hungary that offers career training, career opportunities and assisted life to more than six hundred disabled individuals with multiple...
Ethics in Business
Ethics in Business John D. Sullivan & Aleksandr Shkolnikov This article examines the business ethics code advocated by several main philosophers of the free market theory. This resource is only available in Persian.
Ethnic Diversity and the National Identity in Iran Touraj Atabaki This article discusses ethnic diversity and national identity in Iran, as well as the challenges of national borders. This resource is only available in Persian.
Ethnic Diversity and the National Identity in Iran Touraj Atabaki
Ethnic Minorities and the Political Social Development in Iran Seyed Hashem Hedayati
Ethnic Minorities and the Political Social Development in Iran Seyed Hashem Hedayati In this article, the structure of the state and the lack of participation of minorities are discussed. This resource is only available in Persian.
Evolving Tactics of Internet Control and the Push for Greater Freedom Sanja Kelly and Sarah Cook, Freedom House This Freedom House article assesses repressive Internet policies worldwide and reports key trends in the tactics used by governments to control content online. Freedom House found a proliferation of...
Evolving Tactics of Internet Control and the Push for Greater Freedom Sanja Kelly and Sarah Cook, Freedom House
Exploring the World of Wikis: Collaborative Web sites organize information, encourage participation Brian Satterfield This article by Brian Satterfield looks at what wikis are, how you can set one up, and how it might help your organization.
Extending the Reach of Peace-Builders: A Media Outreach Guide for Dialogue & Reconciliation Practitioners Search for Common Ground This training manual is a media outreach guide for dialogue and reconciliation activists. It was designed to accompany and complement Search for Common Ground’s training workshops and can be used as...
Facing Double Discrimination: Cambodian Lesbians Are Breaking the Silence Meghan Lewis This report on LGBT activism in Cambodia highlights the activities, including workshops on Lesbian sexual health and family acceptances, of the Rainbow Community Kampushea. The organization focuses...
Facing Double Discrmination: Cambodian Lesbians are Breaking the Silence Meghan Lewis, The WIP
Fair, Free and Periodic Elections Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute This article talks about the right to political participation through fair, free and periodic elections. This resource is only available in Persian.
Fair, Free and Periodic Elections Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
False Freedom: Online Censorship in the Middle East and North Africa Human Rights Watch
False Freedom: Online Censorship in the Middle East and North Africa Human Rights Watch This 144-page report documents online censorship and cases in which Internet users have been detained for their online activities in countries across the region, including Tunisia, Iran, Syria and...
Farsi Blogs Office of Studies and Media Development This research examines the approaches of Persian language blogs to political issues during Ahmadinejad’s presidency. This resource is only available in Persian.
Farsi Blogs Office of Studies and Media Development
Fast Track of Secularization and Secularism in Iran Mehrdad Mashayekhi This article discusses secularism in Iran and argues that it is the most significant social change in recent time. This resource is only available in Persian.
Fast Track of Secularization and Secularism in Iran Mehrdad Mashayekhi
Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay A series of 85 essays urging the citizens of New York to ratify the new United States Constitution. Written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, the essays originally appeared...
Federalist Papers Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay
Female Genital Mutilation World Health Organization Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
Female Genital Mutilation World Health Organization
Female Secrets Betty Friedan
Female Secrets Betty Friedan In this article, the author explores the stereotypes of women who hold housekeeping jobs. This resource is only available in Persian.
Female Workers’ Rights This pre-revolution pamphlet was prepared to raise awareness of women’s work rights in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Feminist Economics Leila Mosleh
Feminist Economics Leila Mosleh In this article, women’s participation in the economics of Middle East is examined. This resource is only available in Persian.
Field Guide to Humanitarian Mapping MapAction This field guide was produced to help humanitarian organizations to make use of mapping methods using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related technologies.
Fighting Corruption
Financial Rights of Women in Marriage
For Change Majid Tavakoli
For Change Majid Tavakoli Majid Tavakoli, a prominent student leader in Iran, was arrested in December 2009. On May 23, 2010, he began a hunger strike in protest of his move to solitary confinement. He wrote this letter,...
For Change, by Majid Tavakoli Majid Tavakoli Majid Tavakoli, a prominent student leader in Iran, was arrested in December 2009. On May 23, 2010, he began a hunger strike in protest of his move to solitary confinement. He wrote this letter,...
Forced Confessions: Targeting Iran's Cyber-Journalists Iran Human Rights Documentation Center This IHRDC publication is a compilation of witness statements by three Iranian bloggers and cyber-journalists who were arrested and detained by the Iranian government in 2004 and 2005. Two of the...
Forced Confessions: Targeting Iran's Cyber-Journalists Iran Human Rights Documentation Center
Free and Fair election: Handbook For Domestic Election Observers The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) The handbook has been developed in collaboration with more than twenty domestic observer groups in the OSCE region and also reflects the experience of domestic observer groups from other parts of the...
Free and Fair Elections OSCE, ODIHR
Freedom Ayzaya Berlin What is political freedom? Can states intervene in people’s private lives? This resource is only available in Persian.
Freedom Ayzaya Berlin
Freedom and the Right to Participation in Politics Naser Katouzian This article discusses different perspectives on freedom and political participation. This resource is only available in Persian.
Freedom and the Right to Participation in Politics Naser Katouzian
Freedom in the World 2009: Setbacks and Resilience Freedom House The Freedom in the World 2009 survey contains reports on 193 countries and 16 related and disputed territories. The most significant gains for freedom in 2008 occurred in South Asia, a rare bright...
Freedom in the World 2010: Global Erosion of Freedom Freedom House The Freedom in the World 2010 survey contains reports on 194 countries and 14 related and disputed territories. For the fourth consecutive year, global declines in freedom outweighed gains in 2009,...
Freedom in the World 2011: The Authoritarian Challenge to Democracy Freedom House The Freedom in the World 2011 survey contains reports on 194 countries and 14 related and disputed territories. Global freedom suffered its fifth consecutive year of decline in 2010, according to ...
Freedom in the World 2012: The Arab Uprisings and Their Global Repercussions Freedom House The Freedom in the World 2012 survey contains reports on 195 countries and 14 related and disputed territories. The authoritarian response to change in the Middle East had a significant impact on the...
Freedom in the World 2013: Democratic Breakthroughs in the Balance Freedom House
Freedom in the World 2013: Democratic Breakthroughs in the Balance Freedom House In the 39th edition of its annual Freedom in the World report, Freedom House ranks the status of civil liberties and political rights in 195 countries and 14 territories. Freedom House documented...
Freedom in the World 2014: The Democratic Leadership Gap Freedom House The state of freedom declined for the eighth consecutive year in 2013, according to Freedom in the World 2014, Freedom House’s annual country-by-country report on global political rights and civil...
Freedom in the World 2015: Discarding Democracy: Return to the Iron Fist Freedom House The Freedom in the World 2015 survey contains reports on 195 countries. For the ninth consecutive year, Freedom in the World, Freedom House’s annual report on the condition of global political rights...
Freedom in the World Report(s) Freedom House
Freedom of Association Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Freedom of Association Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute Without freedom of assembly and association, defense for individual rights is not possible. This resource is only available in Persian.
Freedom of Association in Practice International Labour Organization
Freedom of Association in Practice: Lessons Learned - This Global Report has been prepared by the International Labor Organization. The report provides a global overview of the application and realization of universal principles and rights concerning...
Freedom of Association Under Threat: The New Authoritarians' Offensive Against Civil Society Freedom House This Freedom House report details the state of civil society and in particular, its right to assemble, in authoritarian countries.
Freedom of Association Under Threat: The New Authoritarians' Offensive Against Civil Society Freedom House
Freedom of Association: A User's Guide - Standards, Principles and Procedures of the International Labor Organization David Tajgman, Karen Curtis This guide is intended as an informal, user-friendly companion to "ILO law on freedom of association: standards and procedures" (1995). Part 1 of the guide explains freedom of association (FOA)...
Freedom of Expression and Association in Kurdish Regions of Iran Human Rights Watch
Freedom of Expression and Limitations Article 19, Freedom Forum, Federation of Nepali Journalists
Freedom of Speech Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Freedom of Speech Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute This article explores the concept of freedom of speech and its benefits to power adjustment. This resource is only available in Persian.
Freedom of Speech and Thought Spinoza
Freedom of the Press 2009: Further Declines in Global Media Independence Freedom House In this annual index, Freedom House ranks 195 countries and territories based on the situation of press freedom. Global declines in press freedom continued in 2008, with negative trends outweighing...
Freedom of the Press 2010: Broad Setbacks to Global Media Freedom Freedom House In this annual index, Freedom House ranks 196 countries and territories based on the situation of press freedom. Global press freedom declined in 2009, with setbacks registered in almost every region...
Freedom of the Press 2011: Signs of Change amid Repression Freedom House In this annual index, Freedom House ranks 196 countries and territories based on the situation of press freedom. The number of people worldwide with access to free and independent media declined to...
Freedom of the Press 2012: Breakthroughs and Pushback in the Middle East Freedom House
Freedom of the Press 2012: Breakthroughs and Pushback in the Middle East Freedom House In this annual index, Freedom House ranks 197 countries and territories based on the situation of press freedom. Improvements to media freedoms in the Middle East and North Africa, namely in Egypt,...
Freedom of the Press 2013: Middle East Volatility Amid Global Decline Freedom House
Freedom of the Press 2013: Middle East Volatility amid Global Decline Freedom House In this annual index, Freedom House ranks 197 countries and territories based on the situation of press freedom. In 2012 the dominant trends were setbacks to media freedoms in both authoritarian and...
Freedom of the Press 2014: Media Freedom Hits Decade Low Freedom House In this annual index, Freedom House ranks 197 countries and territories based on the situation of press freedom. Global press freedom has fallen to its lowest level in over a decade, according to the...
Freedom of Thought and Freedom of Expression Under a Free Government Baroch Spinoza Spinoza was an eloquent proponent of a secular, democratic society, and was the strongest advocate for freedom and tolerance in the early modern period. This resource is only available in Persian.
Freedom on the Net 2009: A Global Assessment of Internet and Digital Media Freedom House This is the first in a new series of Freedom House reports, detailing the level of internet freedom in various countries, including Iran.
Freedom on the Net 2011: A Global Assessment of Internet and Digital Media Freedom House Over the past decade, the influence of the Internet as a means to spread information and challenge government-imposed media controls has steadily expanded. However, as more people use the internet to...
Freedom on the Net 2012: A Global Assessment of Internet and Digital Media Freedom House To illuminate the nature of evolving threats and identify areas of growing opportunity, Freedom House has conducted a comprehensive study of Internet freedom in 47 countries around the globe,...
Freedom on the Net 2012: A Global Assessment of Internet and Digital Media Freedom House
Freedom on the Net 2013: A Global Assessment of Internet and Digital Media Freedom House Freedom on the Net 2013 is the fourth report in a series of comprehensive studies of internet freedom around the globe and covers developments in 60 countries that occurred between May 2012 and April...
Freedom on the Net 2014: Tightening the Net: Governments Expand Online Controls Freedom House Freedom on the Net 2014 – the fifth annual comprehensive study of internet freedom around the globe, covering developments in 65 countries that occurred between May 2013 and May 2014 –finds internet...
Freedom on the Net 2015: Privatizing Censorship, Eroding Privacy Freedom House Freedom on the Net 2015 finds internet freedom around the world in decline for a fifth consecutive year as more governments censored information of public interest while also expanding surveillance...
Frequently Asked Questions About the Holocaust Yad Vashem & the United Nations   This guide provides comprehensive answers to several frequently asked questions about the Holocaust. Some questions addressed include: What is the Holocaust? How did Jews cope with the conditions...
Frequently Asked Questions About the Holocaust Yad Vashem & the United Nations
From Cradle to Coffin: A Report on Child Executions in Iran Nazanin Afshin-Jam This report examines the Iranian legal system, its religious groundings and Iran's commitments under international law. It provides detailed case studies of young people who have been executed or are...
From Dictatorship to Democracy Gene Sharp
From Dictatorship to Democracy: A Conceptual Framework for Liberation Gene Sharp An introduction to the use of non-violent action to topple dictatorships. It offers concise advice on how to plan a successful non-violent opposition campaign, including a list of 198 methods of non-...
From Geneva to Tunisia and from Tunisia to Aton Kazem Motamed Nejad
From Judgment to Justice: Implementing International and Regional Human Rights Decisions David C. Baluarte & Christian De Vos This report reviews the implementation of judgments across the world's four human rights systems. Working from empirical data as well as interviews conducted with court personnel, human rights...
From Judgment to Justice: Implementing International and Regional Human Rights Decisions David Baluarte and Christian M. De Vos (Open Society Foundation)
From Palm Tree to Parliament: Training Women for Political Leadership and Public Life Lesley Abdela In this article, Lesley Abdela defines women's leadership, why she thinks there is a need to develop it, and the methods and tools that she has used to achieve this through several different...
From Palm Tree to Parliament: Training Women for Political Leadership and Public Life Lesley Abdela
From Protest to Prison: Iran One Year after the Election Amnesty International
From Protest to Prison: Iran One Year After the Election Amnesty International This report outlines the Iranian regime’s oppressive response to the Green Movement’s activities following the fraudulent 2009 Iranian Presidential Elections. Included are descriptions of the types...
From Reverence to Rape Molly Haskell
From Reverence to Rape Molly Haskell This article examines the sexual abuse of women in the film industry. This resource is only available in Persian.
Front Line Civil and Political Rights Manual Human Rights Consultants The aim of this manual is to help human rights defenders make more effective use of international human rights mechanisms and procedures.
Front Line Handbook for Human Rights Defenders: What protection can EU and Norwegian Diplomatic Missions offer Chris Collier The handbook details the ways in which the EU and Norway have committed themselves to supporting and protecting human rights defenders. It also offers limitations to the laws and actions that the EU...
Funding Economic Transition in China
Ganji and Quran Arash Naraghi This resource is only in Persian.
Gay, Straight, and the Reason Why: The Science of Sexual Orientation Simon LeVay In this book, neuroscientist Simon LeVay summarizes a wealth of scientific evidence that points to one inescapable conclusion: Sexual orientation results primarily from an interaction between genes,...
Gender Equality Through Collective Bargaining - Collective bargaining is defined by the ILO as “the process of negotiation between workers and employers and their representatives concerning any issue related to terms and conditions of employment...
Gender Inequality Aliyeh Shokr Beygi
Gender Inequality Aliyeh Shokr Beygi This article discusses how gender inequality is illustrated differently in diverse cultures. This resource is only available in Persian.
Gender Inequality and Discrimination: The Case of Iranian Women Mohammad H. Nayyeri In his commentary, Nayyeri analyzes the impact of discriminatory laws, as written and as applied, on women in Iran. The laws on the age of criminal responsibility for women, honor killings,...
Gender, Minorities and Indigenous Peoples Mark Lattimer  This report by Minority Rights Group International examines, in the context of international laws, how minority and indigenous women are treated. In particular, it examines how ignoring the...
Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics and the Millennium Development Goals "Global Monitoring Report 2013: Rural-Urban Dynamics and the Millennium Development Goals" provides an in-depth analysis on urbanization as a force for poverty reduction and progress towards the MDGs...
Global Monitoring Report 2014/2015: Ending Poverty and Sharing Prosperity The "Global Monitoring Report 2014/2015: Ending Poverty and Sharing Prosperity" introduces the WBG’s twin goals and presents the first account of the challenge of ending extreme poverty and promoting...
Global Network Initiative 2012 Annual Report Global Network Initiative (GNI)
Global Network Initiative 2012 Annual Report Global Network Initiative (GNI) In its annual report, the Global Network Initiative (GNI) recounts its activities to advance freedom of expression and privacy rights worldwide. The GNI is a multi-stakeholder group of companies,...
Global Network Initiative 2013 Annual Report Global Network Initiative (GNI) The Global Network Initiative 2013 Annual Report charts the initiative’s progress protecting free expression and privacy in the ICT sector during the past year.
Global Report on the Situation of Women Human Rights Defenders Kaavya Asoka This report examines the situation of women human rights defenders (WHRDs) around the world. The report is based on the premise that patriarchal and heternormative ideologies shape the diverse and...
Global Report on the Situation of Women Human Rights Defenders Women Human Rights Defenders International Coalition
Glossary: Civic Participation Terminology National Democratic Institute
Government and Family Honor Killings Soheila Vahdati
Government and Family Honor Killings Soheila Vahdati This article discusses honor as defined in the criminal code. This resource is only available in Persian.
Granting Custody of Sons to Mothers
Graphic Novel "Yousef and Farhad" Amir Soltani and Khalil Bendib The story of Yousef and Farhad will be familiar to anyone aware of the injustice and suffering experienced by lesbian, gay and bisexual people in Iran as they try to assert their basic right to love...
Green Movement: The New Democratic Movement in Iran Farhad Khosrokhavar
Growth of Social Problems in Iran Hamidreza Jalaeipour In this article, the author identifies the most problematic social issues in Iran and analyzes these challenges in society. This resource is only available in Persian.
Growth of Social Problems in Iran Hamidreza Jalayi Pour
Guardianship in Iran and Comparative Law Seyed Hosein Safayi
Guide for Iranian Asylum Seekers in Turkey, by Kouhyar Goudarzi Kouhyar Goudarzi Tavaana's exclusive manual on the political asylum process for Iranians in Turkey is a comprehensive resource for Iranians forced to leave their homeland. Written by Kouhyar Goudarzi, who was...
Guide to Effective Nonviolent Struggle
Guided Democracy B. Bi Niaz (Dariush) This article tries to answer the question, is it possible to have democracy immediately after the change of regime? This resource is only available in Persian.
Guidelines on International Protection No. 9: Claims to Refugee Status based on Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Identity UNHCR These Guidelines are intended to provide legal interpretative guidance for governments, legal practitioners, decision makers and the judiciary, as well as UNHCR staff carrying out refugee status...
Habermas and Playing Chess with a Gorilla Mohammad Reza Nikfar This resource is only in Persian.
Habermas and Playing Chess with a Gorilla Mohammad Reza Nikfar This article analyzes the trial of Habermas, an intellectual who was accused by the Iranian government of attempting to overthrow the regime. This resource is only available in Persian.
Handbook for Nonviolent Campaigns War Resisters’ International This comprehensive handbook outlines democracy movement case studies, practical advice for creating nonviolent campaigns, strategies for resisting oppressive states and exercises for civic groups to...
Health and Safety Organizing: A Worker’s Guide O. Michael Leslie, Sonia Mistry, Deddeh Tulay Workplace health and safety is one of the biggest incentives for workers to join unions. This manual contains information for union activists on how to form a union health and safety committee, map a...
Helping to Create an Effective Democracy Center for International Private Enterprise The main message of this article is that universal freedom of expression is only found in democratic countries. This resource is only available in Persian.
Hidden in Plain Sight: A Statistical Analysis of Violence Against Children Interpersonal violence – in all its forms – has a grave effect on children: Violence undermines children’s future potential; damages their physical, psychological and emotional well-being; and in...
Historical Examples of Nonviolent Struggle Albert Einstein Institution This document contains examples from history of nonviolent activists groups beginning with the plebeian resistance in Rome in 494 BCE up to the "People Power" movement in the Philippines in 1986.
Historical Inquiry on Freedom and the Architecture of Democracy Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute This article delves into the foundations of freedom and democracy. This resource is only available in Persian.
Historical Inquiry on Freedom and the Architecture of Democracy Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
History of Oppression Shadi Sadr This article argues that the history of oppression is also the history of democracy and freedom. This resource is only available in Persian.
History of Oppression Shadi Sadr
Holocaust Encyclopedia Holocaust Memorial Museum This encyclopedic online resource, compiled by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM) in Washington DC, comprises a large collection of historical documents, artifacts, essays,...
Homosexuality and the Minorities without Rights Akbar Ganji In this article homosexuality and other issues such as religious minorities are discussed. This resource is only available in Persian.
Homosexuality and the Minorities without Rights Akbar Ganji
Honor Killings Mehrangiz Kar This article seeks answers to the questions: Has the number of honor killings increased in Iran after the Islamic Revolution? If so, what is the reason? This resource is only available in Persian.
How Families are Responsible for Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children's Rights Swapneshwar Goutam It is estimated that one million children enter the multi-billion dollar sex trade each year. This article looks at the damaging physical and emotional consequences of sexual exploitation for...
How Families are Responsible for Sexual Exploitation and Abuse of Children's Rights Swapneshwar Goutam
How Freedom is Won: From Civic Resistance to Durable Democracy Adrian Karatnycky and Peter Ackerman This Freedom House study examines the role of civil society movements in the process of democratic change. It purports that civic movements account for “decisive change” in the transition process,...
How Much Power does your Laptop really need HumaniNet
How Nonviolent Struggle Works Gene Sharp This small book off ers the principal contents of the 902 pages of the original 1973 The Politics of Nonviolent Action to anyone who wants to learn the substance of how nonviolent struggle works....
How To Accelerate Your Internet: A practical guide to Bandwidth Management and Optimization using Open Source Software R. Flickenger
How To Accelerate Your Internet: A practical guide to Bandwidth Management and Optimization using Open Source Software R. Flickenger This book provides practical information on how to gain the largest possible benefit from your connection to the Internet. By prioritizing certain kinds of network activity, reducing the impact of...
How to be Safe on the Internet Shahrvandyar This article outlines major internet threats and the best ways that users can protect themselves from them. To see the article, click here. This resource is only available in Persian.
How to Change the World David Bornstein What business entrepreneurs are to the economy, social entrepreneurs are to social change. They are, writes David Bornstein, the driven, creative individuals who question the status quo, exploit new...
How to Change the World David Bornstein
How to Change the World David Bornstein Now published in more than twenty countries, David Bornstein’s How to Change the World has become the bible for social entrepreneurship – in which men and women around the world are finding...
Human Rights and Cultural Relativism Mohammad Reza Nikfar The question is about the universality and relativity of human rights. This resource is only available in Persian.
Human Rights and Ethnic and Religious Minorities in International Instruments Hamid Valayi This article discusses the rights of minorities and the role of international organizations in protecting those rights. This resource is only available in Persian.
Human Rights and History: A Challenge for Education Rainer Huhle This volume situates the United Nations Charter of Human Rights and its provisions within their historical context. Foundation “Remembrance, Responsibility and Future” embodies the desire to link the...
Human Rights and Immunity from the State’s Autarchy Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute The question is whether human rights is a global issue or an issue created by western intellectuals. This resource is only available in Persian.
Human Rights and Immunity from the State’s Autarchy Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Human Rights and Internet Governance Carl Bildt, Marietje Schaake, Alice Munyua et al. This is the the fourth edition of the MIND magazine, published by the Internet and Society Collaboratory. This volume focuses on the struggle for freedom of speech and human rights on the internet,...
Human Rights and Technology Sales: How Corporations Can Avoid Assisting Repressive Regimes By Cindy Cohn, Trevor Timm & Jillian C. York In this white paper, the Electronic Frontier Foundation calls on corporations, especially those that sell surveillance and filtering tools, to avoid assisting repressive regimes by increasing their...
Human Rights and Technology Sales: How Corporations Can Avoid Assisting Repressive Regimes Cindy Cohn, Trevor Timm, & Jillian C. York
Human Rights Education (HRE) and Transnational Activism Anja Mihr and Hans Peter Schmitz, Project MUSE Johns Hopkins
Human Rights in Iran Report(s) Amnesty International
Human Rights in Iran Reports Amnesty International These Amnesty International reports outline the human rights violations in Iran. 
Human Rights Violations of People in the Islamic Republic of Iran on the Basis of their Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), Iranian Queer Organization (IRQO) This report was submitted by the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) (ECOSOC accredited NGO) and the Iranian Queer Organization (IRQO) to the United Nations Universal...
Human Rights- Social and Individual This article examines fundamental economic social rights of workers with regard to the constitution, labor law and international instruments. This resource is only availble in Persian.
Human Rights- Social and Individual
Human Rights: How Far Have We Come? Christian de Vos
Human Rights: How Far Have We Come? Christian De Vos Open Society consultant Dr. De Vos analyzes the 60-year history of World Human Rights Day and how the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has affected world politics.
Human Trafficking: A Crime that Shames Us All - This UN Office on Drugs and Crimes (UNODC) report presents the human trafficking data gathered by ten UNODC researchers from 155 countries and territories from September 2007 until July 2008. The...
Human Trafficking: A Crime that Shames Us All United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Human Trafficking: Quick Facts This Global Freedom Center fact sheet defines the scope of human trafficking through global statistics and identifies different types of modern slavery, methods of control used in trafficking, and...
Human Trafficking: Quick Facts
I Am Not Willing to Trade the Freedom of People Ammar Maleki This resource is only available in Persian.
I Am Not Willing to Trade the Freedom of People
I Have a Dream, by Martin Luther King Martin Luther King Martin Luther King: "I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation"...
IDAHO Lesson Plan UNESCO This curriculum was developed for International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia, which is celebrated on May 17th. Studies show that homophobic and transphobic bullying can have a serious...
If Islam and Secularism Can Coexist Arash Naraghi This resource is only in Persian.
If You Build It, They Will Come: SeenReport and Mobile Citizen Journalism in Pakistan Mobile Media Toolkit
If You Build It, They Will Come: SeenReport and Mobile Citizen Journalism in Pakistan Holocaust Memorial Museum SeenReport is a highly customizable citizen journalism service in Pakistan. The service allows users to submit photos, videos, and text accounts of news via SMS, MMS, or e-mail. SeenReport publishes...
In Larger Freedom: Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All Kofi Annan In 2005, Secretary-General Kofi Annan presented a five-year progress report on the implementation of the Millennium Declaration of 2000 that had been requested of him by the UN General Assembly. His...
In Pursuit of Truth: Undercover Journalism and the Democratic Voice of Burma Tavaana
In Pursuit of Truth: Undercover Journalism and the Democratic Voice of Burma Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study describes the courageous fight of the Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB), undercover journalists who work to expose the truth of Burma’s repressive regime. Their...
Independence of Journalists and their Participation in the Ownership and Management of Media Kazem Motamed Nejad This article discusses the role of seminars and cooperation of journalists in the effective management of media. This resource is only available in Persian.
Industry Privatization in Iran Mohammad Hassan Fetras, Asghar Mobarak This resource is only in Persian.
Inflation and Recession Hormoz Momayezi This paper discusses the relationship between printing currency and inflation in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Inflation and Recession Hormoz Momayezi
Innovation, Prohibition, and Hermeneutics Nasr Abu Zaid Renowned Egyptian intellectual Nasr Abu Zaid was known for his innovative interpretations of the Qur'an as both a literary and religious text. He challenged mainstream beliefs on the Qur'an's textual...
Intermediary Censorship Ethan Zuckerman
Intermediary Censorship Ethan Zuckerman   Internet censorship occurs around the world through a multitude of methods. This article looks specifically at the emerging trend of intermediary censorship, where government directives mandate...
International Consultation on Women Human Rights Defenders Mary Jane N. Real and Michael Chai This publication is a resource book on women human rights defenders – a collection of papers from the International Consultation on Women Human Rights Defenders held from November 29 - December 2,...
International Consultation on Women Human Rights Defenders Defending Women Defending Rights
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights United Nations The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights outlines the civil and political rights of individuals, including the right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of...
International Direct Investment
International Human Rights Standards: Selected Provisions on Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion or Belief U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom This document outlines the relevant international standards and mechanisms concerning the protection of freedom of thought, conscience, and religion or belief.
International Human Rights Standards: Selected Provisions on Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion or Belief
International Migration, Health and Human Rights In this publication, the World Health Organization (WHO), the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) explore the multifaceted...
International Religious Freedom U.S. Department of State
International Religious Freedom Report for 2009 - Iran U.S. Department of State - Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor A report on Iran, covering religious demography, the status of government respect for religious freedom, including the country's legal framework, restrictions, and abuses of religious freedom, and...
International Religious Freedom Report for 2011 U.S. Department of State - Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor This annual U.S. State Department Report assesses religious freedom in 199 countries and territories, including Iran. For each country, the report summarizes government and societal respect for...
International Religious Freedom Report for 2011 Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor
International Religious Freedom Report for 2013 - Iran U.S. Department of State - Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor This section from the U.S. Department of State's 2014 Annual Report focuses on the status of religious freedom in Iran. It covers government policies violating religious belief and practices of...
International Standards on the Death Penalty - This document gives extracts from international instruments and other authoritative statements relevant to the abolition of the death penalty, arranged by subject. Extracts are taken from...
International Standards on the Death Penalty Amnesty International
Internet Enemies Reporters Without Borders
Internet Enemies Report 2012 Reporters Without Borders
Internet Freedom in the 21st Century: Integrating New Technologies into Diplomacy and Development US Department of State
Internet Freedom in the 21st Century: Integrating New Technologies into Diplomacy and Development US Department of State This article outlines Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's 2010 foreign policy address on Internet freedom. It emphasizes a commitment to defending the freedom of expression and the free flow of...
Internet Freedom: A Foreign Policy Imperative in the Digital Age Richard Fontaine and Will Rogers, Center for a New American Security This Center for a New American Security report concludes that the United States needs a comprehensive Internet freedom strategy that aids efforts to use the Internet for advancing tolerance and free...
Internet Freedom: A Foreign Policy Imperative in the Digital Age Richard Fontaine and Will Rogers, Center for a New American Security
Internet Hackers Ehsan Norouzi
Internet Rights And Wrongs: Choices & Challenges In A Networked World Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
Internet Rights And Wrongs: Choices & Challenges In A Networked World Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton In this 2011 speech, former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton discussed the tensions and complexities of Internet freedom, citing examples from Iran and Egypt. Clinton argued freedom on the...
Interview with Navid Bazargan Navid Bazargan Navid Bazargan talks about the political views of his father. This resource is only available in Persian.
Introduction to Facebook Activism Dan Schultz
Introduction to Wide-Area WiFi Wireless U This guide is a basic introduction to using WiFi for wide area networks. Link types (point-to-point, point-to-multipoint, etc.) as well as radio operating modes (master, managed, ad-hoc) are covered.
Introduction to WiFi Wireless U
Invisible in Labor and Labor Trafficking
Invisible in Labor and Labor Trafficking This Global Freedom Center fact sheet highlights women’s exploitation in labor trafficking worldwide. Women are subject to forced labor in several industries, including domestic work, agriculture,...
Iran - Amnesty International Report 2007 Amnesty International This report documents human rights violations in Iran in 2007.
Iran - Amnesty International Report 2008 Amnesty International This report documents human rights violations in Iran in 2008.
IRAN 201 3 HUMAN RIGHTS REPORT Here you can find the State Department's report on the status of human rights in Iran in 2013.
Iran 2011 Human Rights Report US Department of State This report is prepared by the US Department of State regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights in Iran. According to the report, demonstrations by opposition groups, university...
Iran 2012 Human Rights Report US Department of State This report is prepared by the US Department of State regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights in Iran. According to the report, the government continued its crackdown on civil...
Iran 2013 Human Rights Report US Department of State This report is prepared by the US Department of State regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights in Iran. According to the report, despite high popular participation in the...
Iran After Velvet Coup This article discusses the citizen uprising after the 2009 presidential election in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Iran After Velvet Coup
Iran Analysis: Thoughts on Resistance and the Green Movement Pejman Salim and Shahin Nasiri
Iran Analysis: Thoughts on Resistance and the Green Movement Pejman Salim and Shahin Nasiri Writing in response to the political uprisings across the Middle East in 2011, two Iranian students discuss the struggle for democracy and human rights in Iran. Their analysis of the fight for...
Iran Chapter – 2013 Annual Report
Iran Compulsory Insurance Law Hamoun Law Firm
Iran Human Rights Review: Access to Information The Foreign Policy center The Iran Human Rights Review, edited by Nazenin Ansari and Tahirih Danesh, is a Foreign Policy Centre project that seeks to be an important resource for policy makers and activists by combining...
Iran Report 2007 Amnesty International
Iran Report 2008 Amnesty International
Iran Student Protest, July 1999 Daneshjoo News Iranian Student Protests of July, 1999 were, before the 2009 Iranian election protests, the most widespread and violent public protests to occur in Iran since the early years of the Iranian...
Iran Student Protest, July 1999 Daneshjoo News
Iran's Economy AmirHadi Anvari This resource is only in Persian.
Iran's Resilient Civil Society, The Untold Story of the Fight For Human Rights Ladan Boroumand "Given the limits on freedom of research and the prevalence of terror and intimidation within Iran, it is small wonder that so much Western commentary on the country is framed by the propaganda...
Iran/Death Penalty International Federation for Human Rights This report on the application of capital punishment in Iran is based on documented research by FIDH-International Federation for Human Rights and supplemented with research by Amnesty International...
Iran: A legal system that fails to protect freedom of expression and association Amnesty International This report aims to inform and support the arguments of all those engaged in seeking reform of Iran's judicial system in line with its international human rights obligations. Amnesty International's...
Iran: A legal system that fails to protect freedom of expression and association Amnesty International
Iran: Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights (2005) International Confederation of Free Trade Unions
Iran: Death Penalty, a State Terror Policy International Federation for Human Rights
Iran: Freedom of Expression and Association in the Kurdish Regions Human Rights Watch In this report, Human Rights Watch calls on the Iranian government to amend or abolish its security laws, press laws, and other legislation that suppress the rights to expression and association....
Iran: Freedom of Expression and Association in the Kurdish Regions Human Rights Watch This 42-page report documents how Iranian authorities use security laws, press laws, and other legislation to arrest and prosecute Iranian Kurds solely for trying to exercise their right to freedom...
Iran: Gender Identity and Sexual Rights Elahe Amani This report focuses on education and outreach against homophobia and transphobia in Iran. The report, written by Iranian LGBT activist Elahe Amani, outlines ways in which activists can raise...
Iran: Gender Identity and Sexual Rights Elahe Amani, International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trains and Intersex Association
Iran: Legalizing the Murder of Civil Society Arseh Sevom
Iran: Legalizing the Murder of Civil Society Arseh Sevom This critique of the Establishment and Supervision of NGOs bill in the Iranian Majlis reveals efforts by the Iranian government to operate outside the law, silence opposition and prevent the public...
Iran: Rising Poverty, Declining Labour Rights FIDH & League for the Defence of Human Rights in Iran (LDDHI) The social and economic situation in Iran is progressively deteriorating, with an immediate impact on people’s living conditions. Unemployment is on the rise, inflation is at unprecedented levels and...
Iran: The International Community Must Act to Save Hundreds at Risk of Execution Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch & Reporters Without Borders This joint statement by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch & Reporters Without Borders submitted to the 16th session of the UN Human Rights Council (February 28 - March 25, 2011) demands...
Iranian Jews in Sports Houshang Esfandiar Shahabi
Iranian Jews in Sports Houshang Esfandiar Shahabi This article discusses Jewish athletes in Iran and how society responds to them. This resource is only available in Persian.
Iranian LGBT Asylum-Seekers Marched Against Homophobia International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission
Iranian Mannequins and Islamic Burqa Nooshin Ahmadi Khorasani
Iranian Mannequins and Islamic Burqa Nooshin Ahmadi Khorasani This piece looks at the cultural challenges regarding the hijab. This resource is only available in Persian.
Iranian Refugee Fact Sheet Omid Advocates
Iran’s Christians
Iran’s Christians This article examines the violation of Christians’ rights in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Iran’s Constitutional Obstacles to Realizing Human Rights and Democracy Mehrangiz Kar In this report, esteemed human rights defender, feminist activist and Tavaana course instructor Mehrangiz Kar explores the constitutional limits to democratic reform in Iran.
Iran’s Ideological Foreign Policy Mehdi Mozafari This article examines the different schools of thought regarding how ideology affects foreign policy. This resource is only available in Persian.
Iran’s Oil: Blessing and Curse Jahangir Amouzgar This article discusses the positive and negative consequences of Iran’s oil resources. This resource is only available in Persian.
Iran’s Resilient Civil Society: The Untold Story of the Fight for Human Rights Ladan Boroumand Published in October 2007, this article argues that the international community should not heavily rely on the 2005 Iranian election results to draw conclusions about Iranian civil society.  Rather,...
Iran’s Resilient Civil Society: The Untold Story of the Fight for Human Rights Ladan Boroumand
Is Putin’s Russia Fascist? Alexander J. Motyl
Is Putin’s Russia Fascist? Alexander J. Motyl This article examines Russia’s political system during Vladimir Putin’s first presidency from both the viewpoints of oppositionists and supporters. This resource is only available in Persian.
Islam and the Challenge of Democracy Khaled Abou El Fadl This article tackles the question of whether democracy is compatible with Islam. The author presents a detailed argument, with Islamic justification, for the assertion that pursuing democracy does...
Islam and the Challenge of Democracy Khaled Abou El Fadl
Islam and the Issue of Homosexuality Arash Naraghi This webinar considers whether it is possible to have an understanding of Islam that is compatible with respect for homosexual rights.This resource is only available in Persian.
Islam, Power and Parameters of a Secular State Abdi Kalantari
Islam, Power and Parameters of a Secular State Abdi Kalantari The author explains how secularism is applied differently in societies based on location and time. This resource is only available in Persian.
Islam, Tolerance and Baha’i Rights Arash Naraghi This article examines whether or not Baha’is’ rights can be respected in an Islamic society. This resource is only available in Persian.
Islam, Tolerance and Baha’is’ Rights Arash Naraghi
Islamic Cultural Relativism in Human Rights Discourse Reza Afshari This article explains how authoritarian regimes violate human rights under the pretext of cultural relativism. This resource is only available in Persian.
Islamic Feminism and Its Discontents Valentine Moghadam
Islamic Feminism and Its Discontents: Toward a Resolution of the Debate Valentine Moghadam Can there be such a thing as a feminism that is framed in Islamic terms? Is Islam compatible with feminism? This article provides an introduction to the debate and to its main protagonists.
Islamic Foundation of Secularism in Turkey Mehdi Khalaji This article discusses how modern Turkey was founded based on the principle of separation of state and religion. This resource is only available in Persian.
Islamic Foundation of Secularism in Turkey
Islamic Republic and National Economy Fereidoun Khavand This article discusses the economic crisis in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Islamic Republic and National Economy
Islamic Republic of Iran: Promoting Violence Against Children International Coalition against Violence in Iran (ICAVI) Children in Iran are prone to becoming victims of violence or mistreatment and being deprived of their childhood due to laws and practices which do not represent the best interests of the child. This...
Islamic Republic of Iran: Promoting Violence Against Women Rouhi Shafii In Iran, laws and legal codes are largely based on gender discrimination and therefore do not represent the best interests of women as half of the population; nor do they provide them with proper...
Islamic Republic's Civil Code and Women's Rights in Iran Maedeh Ghaderi While Iran was in the process of bringing about equal rights for women and men and making an effort to legislate laws to protect women, the change in the governing system in 1979 barred any progress...
It’s a Crime: How Insult Laws Stifle Press Freedom Marilyn Greene In this report, the World Press Freedom Committee has compiled uses of insult and defamation laws around the world to inhibit freedom of press. The report provides several examples of journalists and...
It’s a Crime: How Insult Laws Stifle Press Freedom World Press Freedom Committee
Jewish Converts to Islam in Mashhad Zhaleh Pirnazar This article examines the religious conversion of a group of Jews in Iran/Mashad. This resource is only available in Persian.
Jews who have got Muslims in Mashad Zhaleh Pirnazar
Journalism after the Internet
Journalism after the Internet Sara Mohseni This article discusses the effects of internet on journalism. This resource is only available in Persian.
Journalist Security Guide: Covering the News in a Dangerous and Changing World Frank Smyth This training guide, developed by the Committee to Protect Journalists, provides security recommendations for local and international journalists of varied levels of experience.  Designed to meet the...
Judgement Abdolkarim Soroush This article looks at the religious enlightenment in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Judgement Karim Soroush
Justice for All: The Struggle for Worker Rights in Egypt Solidarity Center, AFL-CIO This report takes an in-depth look at Egypt’s labor laws in view of international labor conventions and the Egyptian government’s track record in enforcing those labor laws. This report, compiled in...
Justice for All: The Struggle for Worker Rights in Egypt Solidarity Center AFL-CIO
KaBOOM! Playgrounds that Build Communities, a Knight Foundation Evaluation Knight Foundation
KaBOOM!: Playgrounds that Build Communities Knight Foundation This report looks at a community building project in the United States. KaBOOM! can be used as a model for other community building projects. KaBOOM! is an initiative that partners with local...
Kasravi and Identity of Secularism Mohammadreza Nikfar
Kasravi and Identity of Secularism Mohammadreza Nikfar Kasravi does not want people to be against religion but in his narration, religion lacks the factors required to be as an institute. This resource is only available in Persian.
Knowing Our Rights: Women, Family, Laws and Customs in the Muslim World Women Living Under Muslim Laws This third and completely revised version of the "Knowing Our Rights" handbook is a comprehensive resource detailing the state of family law in a broad range of Muslim countries across Asia, Africa...
Knowing Our Rights: Women, Family, Laws and Customs in the Muslim World Women Living Under Muslim Laws
Labor Rights and the Democracy Movement in Iran: Building a Social Democracy Farhad Nomani & Sohrab Behdad This article underscores some of the obstacles facing the Iranian working class in its struggle to attain basic rights including the right to form independent organizations and to protect and promote...
Ladies in White: Marching for Change in Cuba
Leadership for Social Transformation: Some Ideas and Questions on Institutions and Feminist Leadership Aruna Rao and David Kelleher This article affirms the importance of changing the rules, not playing by them, if we are to transform institutions so that they reflect and promote gender equality. It describes how institutions...
Leadership for Social Transformation: Some Ideas and Questions on Institutions and Feminist Leadership Aruna Rao and David Kelleher
Leaping Over the Firewall: A Review of Censorship Circumvention Tools Freedom House
Leaping Over the Firewall: A Review of Censorship Circumvention Tools Cormac Callanan, Hein Dries-Ziekenheiner, Alberto Escudero-Pascual & Robert Guerra This document provides a comparison among different circumvention tools, both in terms of their technical merits, as well as how users of these tools describe their experience with them. The...
Learning to Live with Difference “Learning to Live with Difference,” created by PeaceWorks in association with the Anne Frank House, provides a well-formulated overview of human rights that centers on how individuals and groups...
Legal Commentary: A Look at Criminal Procedure in Iran Benham Daraeizadeh
Legal Commentary: A Look at Criminal Procedure in Iran Benham Daraeizadeh This legal commentary details the structure and phases of criminal investigations and case procedures in the Iranian judicial system, including the attorney’s role within each of these stages. The...
Legal Guide for Bloggers Electronic Frontier Foundation This guide includes a collection of blogger-specific FAQs addressing everything from fair use to defamation law to workplace whistle-blowing.
Legal Nature of Government's Construction Contracts Hanieh Ekhbarieh
Legal Nature of Government's Construction Contracts Hanieh Ekhbarieh This article discusses the legal aspects of the government's construction contracts and the role of parties' will in these contracts. This resource is only available in Persian.
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Trans Psychology Victoria Clarke, Sonja Ellis, Elizabeth Peel, and Damien Riggs (trans. Sohrab Farnam) Resource only available in Persian.
Lessons from the Marshall Plan for Today Gordon F. Johnson
Let's Remain on the Side of the People Majid Tavakoli Majid Tavakoli, a prominent student leader in Iran, was arrested in December 2009. On May 23, 2010, he began a hunger strike in protest of his move to solitary confinement. He wrote this letter from...
Let's Remain on the Side of the People Majid Tavakoli
Letter from Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. King wrote this letter in response to a statement issued by eight white Alabama clergymen on April 12, 1963, titled "A Call for Unity," which concurred that social injustices were taking place,...
Letter from Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King
Letter from Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr. wrote this letter in 1963 from the city jail in Birmingham, Alabama, where he was confined after being arrested for his leadership in a nonviolent civil rights campaign. In...
Letter from Birmingham Jail Martin Luther King, Jr.
LGBT Republic of Iran: An Online Reality
Liberalism, the Essence of Globalization Hossein Daheshyar This article examines liberalism as an important factor of globalization. This resource is only available in Persian.
Liberalism, the Essence of Globalization Hossein Daheshyar
Liberation Technology Larry Diamond
Liberation Technology Larry Diamond In this article Larry Diamond defines liberation technology as technology that  enables citizens to report news, expose wrongdoing, express opinions, mobilize protest, monitor elections, scrutinize...
Liberation Technology: Whither Internet Control Evgeny Morozov In this article, Evgeny Morozov discusses the promotion of "Internet freedom" and, by extension, opposing "Internet control", highlighting digital tactics of repression such as censorship and...
Liberation Technology: Whither Internet Control Evgeny Morozov
Liberation vs. Control: The Future of Cyberspace Ronald Deibert & Rafal Rohozinski Using Iran's Green Movement and Burma's Saffron Revolution as examples, this article looks at the ways in which human ingenuity combines with technology to further social change.
Liberation vs. Control: The Future of Cyberspace Ronald Deibert and Rafal Rohozinski
Like the Dead in Their Coffins: Torture, Detention, and the Crushing of Dissent in Iran Human Rights Watch This report demonstrates a nexus between the press closures that began in 2000, the systematic arrests of journalists, writers and intellectuals in the following years, and the treatment of political...
Like the Dead in Their Coffins: Torture, Detention, and the Crushing of Dissent in Iran Human Rights Watch
List of People Killed in Iran
Locked Up in Karaj: Spotlight on Political Prisoners in One Iranian City The 59-page report is based on a review of 189 cases in three prisons in the city of Karaj, near the capital, Tehran, including the charges they faced, details of their trials before revolutionary...
Lying- Khomeini's Views Akbar Ganji This resource is only in Persian.
Maintenance, Special and General Deference
Malone Dies Samuel Beckett Malone Dies is a novel by the Irish author Samuel Beckett, originally written in French as Malone meurt (1951) and later translated by the author into English. It is the second novel in Beckett's...
Mapping Digital Media: Citizen Journalism and the Internet Nadine Jurrat This paper delves in to all aspects of citizen journalism: its history, its various forms, its role in international news, and its significance as well as its risks. The paper calls for a clearer...
Mapping Digital Media: Citizen Journalism and the Internet Nadin Jurrat, Open Society Foundation
Mapping Iran’s Online Public: Politics and Culture in the Persian Blogosphere John Kelly and Bruce Etling
Mapping Iran’s Online Public: Politics and Culture in the Persian Blogosphere John Kelly and Bruce Etling This study uses computational social network mapping in over 60,000 Persian blogs to determine the most important topics in the Persian blogosphere. The study also looks into how the blogosphere has...
Martin Luther King and the Montgomery Story Fellowship on Reconciliation This exciting story ties FOR’s civil rights legacy to today’s ongoing work for nonviolence action around the world.
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Fighting for Equal Rights in America Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study examines the Civil Rights Movement in the United States. Spearheaded by Martin Luther King Jr., the movement utilized traditional tactics of nonviolent civil...
Martin Luther King, Jr.: Fighting for Equal Rights in America Tavaana
Martin Luther King, Jr: I Have a Dream Martin Luther King; Edited by Diane Ravitch Perhaps the most famous and beloved speech in modern American history, the "I Have a Dream" speech eloquently expressed the goals of the civil rights movement. Civil rights leader Martin Luther King...
Max Weber and the Theory of Power Bagher Parham This article analyzes Weber’s theory on power and the sociological keys of the Islamic state. This resource is only available in Persian.
Media and the Role of Management Robert H. Gils
Media and the Role of Management Robert H. Gils This article discusses the role of managers in media. This resource is only available in Persian.
Media Guidelines for the Portrayal of Disability ILO
Media Literacy Younes Shokrkhah This article explains different tactics for the effective use of media. This resource is only available in Persian.
Memorandum on Media Regulation in the Islamic Republic of Iran Article 19
Memorandum on Media Regulation in the Islamic Republic of Iran Article 19 The purpose of this memorandum is to examine the legal framework regulating the media in Iran in the context of the international standards. Key issues regarding the legal framework, and how these...
Mental Health of LGBTQIA هوداد طلوعی This resource is available in Persian only.
Messiah in a Political Context Mehdi Khalaji
Middle East and Economic Development Teimoor Kooran This article seeks answers to the question of why Muslim countries in the Middle East have not developed. This resource is only available in Persian.
Middle East and Economic Development Teimoor Kooran
Middle East and North Africa Reform: Rooted in Economic and Political Ground Anna Nadgrodkiewicz & John D. Sullivan This article discusses the most important economic challenges in the Middle East and North Africa.
Minimum Age Recommendation (No. 146) - This International Labor Organization Recommendation complements the 1973 Minimum Age Convention [include link to library] by advising governing powers on the appropriate minimum employment age...
Minority Rights in International Law Jelena Pejic This article examines the concept of minority rights in international law and the mechanisms to protect these rights. This resource is only available in Persian.
Minority Rights in International Law Jelena Pejic
Minority Rights: A Major Misconception? Bas de Gaay Forman
Minority Rights: A Major Misconception? Bas de Gaay Forman In this article, Dutch academic Bas de Gaay Forman details minority rights and argues that democracy should be rule of the majority couple with the protection of the minority. He argues that minority...
Minority Rights: The Key to Conflict Prevention Clive Baldwin, Chris Chapman, Zoe Gray
Minority Rights: The Key to Conflict Prevention Clive Baldwin, Chris Chapman and Zoë Gray This Minority Rights Group International report examines how identity-fueled conflict and the typical peace deals which arise from them are ineffective as a means to peaceful cohabitation. Rather,...
Mobile Surveillance – A Primer MobileActive The rise of citizen journalism and social media has many benefits but also poses serious risks for those who utilize mobile devices for social change. This report and how-to guide examines the...
Mobile Surveillance – A Primer Mobile Active
Mobile Surveillance – A Primer Mobile Active
Modernity, the Press and the Shaping of Public Opinion in Constitutional Iran Negin Nabavi The article discusses the new culture of journalism after the Constitutional Revolution in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Mohammad Nourizad’s Questions for the Supreme Leader Mohammad Nourizad Political prisoner Mohammad Nourizad asks the Supreme Leader critical questions about the current situation of the country. This resource is only available in Persian.
Mohammad Nourizad’s Questions for the Supreme Leader Mohammad Nourizad
Monitoring Women's Right to Health Under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Audrey R. Chapman Several major international human rights instruments recognize the right to health care and a more comprehensive right to health. The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the...
Moral Status of Violence in Nonviolent Civil Rights Movement Arash Naraghi The main question is whether or not the victims of violence can resort to violence to reach their goals? This resource is only available in Persian.
Moral Status of Violence in Nonviolent Civil Rights Movement Arash Naraghi
Morocco's Justice and Reconciliation Commission - The Justice and Reconciliation Committee was established by King Mohamed VI in 2004 in order to examine the history of the previous 43 years, which were rife with human rights violations. In its...
Moudawana: A Peaceful Revolution for Moroccan Women
Mourning Economy Emad Baghi This article examines the religious ceremonies in Iran with the sociological approach. This resource is only in Persian.
Mullahs, Guards, and Bonyads David E. Thaler, Alireza Nader, Shahram Chubin, Jerrold D. Green, Charlotte Lynch, Frederic Wehrey
Mullahs, Guards, and Bonyads: An Exploration of Iranian Leadership Dynamics David E. Thaler, Alireza Nader, Shahram Chubin, Jerrold D. Green, Charlotte Lynch, Frederic Wehrey "While our aim is to expand analysts’ understanding of Iran so as to help them interpret the machinations of the country’s elites, we have a profound appreciation of the complexity and historical...
Muslim Democrat (April, 2005) Radwan A.Masmoudi This issue of the Muslim Democrat focuses on the choice of democracy as a political system in the Muslim world, and includes articles on democracy in Jordan, Tunisia, and Iran.
Muslim Democrat (April, 2005) Radwan A.Masmoudi
NATLEX Database of National Labour, Social Security, and Related Human Rights Legislation: Iran
NATLEX Database of National Labour, Social Security, and Related Human Rights Legislation: Iran This report outlines all workers' rights legislation in Iran.
Nelson Mandela in His Own Words Nelson Mandela A collection of quotes from South Africa's anti-apartheid leader. This resource is only available in Persian.
Never Again Means Knowledge First: Holocaust Education for Iranians The Holocaust is not included in Iranian textbooks and little literature on the topic is available in Persian. Former president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is infamous for the vehemence of his Holocaust...
New Tactics in Human Rights: A Resource for Practitioners Tricia Cornell, Kate Kelsch, Nicole Palasz This book, published by the Center for Victims of Torture - New Tactics in Human Rights Project, is a collection of 80 stories of successful tactics used for human rights work.  The stories come from...
No Place for Homophobia Here Navi Pillay
Non-Violent Action Albert Einstein Institution
Non-Violent Activism Glossary
Nonviolent Activism Glossary Center for the Study of Strategic Nonviolent Defense This glossary includes key terms and expressions used for non-violent activism. This resource is only available in Persian.
Obstacles to Free and Fair Elections in Theory and Practice under the Islamic Republic of Iran Majid Mohammadi Obstacles to Free and Fair Elections in Theory and Practice under the Islamic Republic of Iran By Majid Mohammadi   This exclusive Tavaana paper argues that holding free and fair elections in the...
October 2014 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran Ahmed Shaheed The report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ahmed Shaheed. Submitted in accordance with Human Rights Council resolution 25/24  to the 69th...
Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Hands Over Evidence of Torture to an Investigating Committee The Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran
On Liberty John Stuart Mill This influential short book, written in 1859, asserted individuals’ sovereignty over themselves and supported their moral and economic freedom from the state. It argues that people should be granted...
On Sorrow and Repression in Iranian Music, by Saeed Sabzian Saeed Sabzian This article by Tavaana faculty member Saeed Sabzian features analysis of contemporary Iranian vocal music, which expresses themes of loneliness, romantic longing, and complaints of mutual...
Online Community Building Susannah Vila This seminar focuses on tactics for engaging people online in the context of emergency response. It begins with the basic building blocks: audience analysis, content strategy and action ladders, and...
Online Guide to Practical Privacy Tools Electronic Privacy Information Center This guide to online privacy tools covers secure email services, anonymizers, HTML filters, email and file privacy, secure instant messaging, encryption, file erasing programs, and more.
Open Letter to Husak Vaclav Havel "Havel published his letter to Husák just a few months before the passing of another great mind, Hannah Arendt (1906-75). Arendt provides us with the tools to understand the totalitarian system from...
Organized Corruption, a Tool for Governors in the Middle East and North Africa Javad Rashami
Orientalism and Middle East Feminist Studies Lila Abu- Lughod This essay discusses the feminist approach in the Middle East and the image of women with regard to stereotypes in the west. Edward Said's book titled "Orientalism" is the main source analyzed in...
Out of the Shadows: Child Marriage and Slavery Catherine Turner This fact sheet from Anti-Slavery International delivers an overview of the issue of child marriage with a focus on how child marriage is used to conceal slavery and slavery-like practices such as...
Paradox of Tolerance Arash Naraghi The essay discusses the paradox of tolerance and morality.This resource is only in Persian.
Part-Time Workers Hamoun Law Firm
Part-Time Workers - This article delves into the legal aspects of pat-time workers in Iran labor law. This resource is only available in Persian.
Participation and Integration
Participation and Integration Translated by Parviz Dastmalchi This resource is only available in Persian.
Peace Activism and GLBT Rights Liz Highleyman
Peace Activism and GLBT Rights Liz Highleyman This article examines the role of GLBT activists in anti-war protests in the United States beginning in the 1940s. 
People Power Primed: Civilian Resistance and Democratization Peter Ackerman and Jack Duvall This article by democratization experts, Peter Ackerman and Jack Duvall examines people power, the ability of ordinary citizens to overthrow undemocratic regimes. Includes a historical timeline...
People Power Primed: Civilian Resistance and Democratization Peter Ackerman and Jack Duvall
Personal Responsibility Under Dictatorship Hannah Arendt This article discusses the relationships between morality, independence of thought, and personal judgment. This resource is only available in Persian.
Personal Responsibility Under Dictatorship Hannah Arendt
Philosophical Origins of Torture Ahmad Faal This article discusses the consequences of the events in our lives on the soul and conscience and how the conscience responds. This resource is only available in Persian.
Pillars of Support Center for Applied Nonviolent Actions and Strategies
Pluralism in the Democracy Transition Process Tabarzadi, Afshari, Sigarchi, Parham
Pluralism in the Democracy Transition Process Tabarzadi, Afshari, Sigarchi, Parham This author argues that tolerance is the main factor in the transition to democracy. This resource is only available in Persian.
Policing Belief: The Impact of Blasphemy Laws on Human Rights Freedom House
Policing Belief: The Impact of Blasphemy Laws on Human Rights Freedom House   In this report, Freedom House looks at seven case studies, Algeria, Egypt, Greece, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan and Poland, to analyze the effects of blasphemy laws and religious insult laws on...
Political Change in the Digital Age: The Fragility and Promise of Online Organizing Berkman Center for Internet and Society
Political Change in the Digital Age: The Fragility and Promise of Online Organizing Berkman Center for Internet and Society
Political Legitimacy Fabienne Peter Political legitimacy is a virtue of political institutions and of the decisions—about laws, policies, and candidates for political office—made within them.
Political legitimacy Peter Fabienne
Political Opportunities and Strategic Choices: Comparing Feminist Campaigns in Morocco and Iran Valentine Moghadam, Elham Gheytanchi By comparing women’s activism in Iran and Morocco, this article shows how political systems affect women’s movements. This resource is only available in Persian.
Power and Persuasion: Nonviolent strategies to influence state security forces in Serbia (2000) and Ukraine (2004) Anika Locke Binnendijk and Ivan Marovic This is a case study outlining the Serbian and Ukrainian democracy movements. Included is an analysis of the strategies employed by grassroots movements to stem the use of violent oppression by state...
Power and Persuasion: Nonviolent strategies to influence state security forces in Serbia (2000) and Ukraine (2004) Anika Locke Binnendijk and Ivan Marovic
Practical Tests
Practical Tests The privatization model’s data of eastern European countries are discussed in this paper. This resource is only available in Persian.
Preface of the Theological-Political Treatise Spinoza When it appeared in 1670, Baruch Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise was denounced as the most dangerous book ever published--"godless," "full of abominations," "a book forged in hell . . . by...
Preface of the Theological-Political Treatise Spinoza
Press Code of Jordan This article details the development of the press law in Jordan. This resource is only available in Persian.
Prevalence, Incidence, and Consequences of Violence against Women Tjaden, Patricia; Thoennes, Nancy
Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infection Among Men Who have Sex with Men and Transgender People World Health Organization
Prevention and Treatment of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infection Among Men Who have Sex with Men and Transgender People World Health Organization This guideline provides recommendations for regional and country partners on appropriate interventions designed to address needs of men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people. It also...
Principles of Medical Ethics relevant to the Role of Health Personnel, particularly Physicians, in the Protection of Prisoners and Detainees against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment United Nations
Print and Broadcast Media Freedom: Disparities and Opening Center for International Media Assistance
Print and Broadcast Media Freedom: Disparities and Opening Center for International Media Assistance This report describes regulations and restrictions on media around the world and provides a comparative analysis of press freedoms across world regions. 
Prison Executions in 1988
Prison in Iran, Where There is Neither God nor Law Iranian Political Prisoners To honor the courage and resilience of Iran's political prisoners, Tavaana has published a selection of their letters written from prison since the 1979 revolution. The collection’s title -- “...
Prisoners’ Rights Mehrangiz Kar This article discusses prisoners’ rights in the context of the new civilization and culture of human rights. This resource is only available in Persian.
Prisoners’ Rights Mehrangiz Kar
Privatization from Political and Economic Perspective This article discusses social forces and their demands as important factors in privatization. This resource is only available in Persian.
Privatization from Political and Economic Perspective
Privatization in Developing Countries Narjess Boubakri...
Privatization in Developing Countries Jean-Claude Cosset, Omrane Guedhami, Narjess Boubakri Privatization is defined as transferring public property from the public sector to the private sector. Over the last 20 years this process has had many positive effects on the developing economies....
Privatization of Public Companies
Privatization of Public Companies This article discusses the privatization process as one of the important keys in international development. This resource is only available in Persian.
Privatization Strategy
Privatization Strategy Penelope B. Prime The writer has evaluated the economic costs and social consequences of economic, social, and technological developments. This resource is only available in Persian.
Promoting Equity: Gender-Neutral Job Evaluation for Equal Pay: A Step-by-Step Guide - Despite significant advancements in women’s education and work achievements around the world and a narrowing of the pay-gap, women on average work for less pay than men. This resource, developed...
Promoting Gender Equality: A Resource Kit for Trade Unions - This comprehensive training manual is designed to equip trade unions with the tools necessary to promote gender equality in the workplace. The training manual includes eight booklets covering topics...
Promoting Global Internet Freedom: Policy and Technology Patricia Moloney Figliola, Congressional Research Service This Congressional Research Service report provides detailed information about federal and private sector efforts in the United States to promote and support global Internet freedom, as well as a...
Promoting Global Internet Freedom: Policy and Technology Patricia Moloney Figliola, Congressional Research Service
Protecting Refugees and the Role of UNHCR UNHCR This booklet, produced by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), addresses some commonly asked questions. Who qualifies as a refugee and what rights do they enjoy? Who is an ...
Protection Manual for Human Rights Defenders with a focus on “What Protection Can EU and Norwegian Diplomatic Missions Offer?” Chris Collier
Protection Manual for LGBTI Defenders Shaun Kirven, Enrique Eguren and Marie Caraj This extensive manual provides practical information on international LGBT laws, assessing risk and advice on avoiding violence and security threats from private actors.
Protesting Terror in Colombia: One Million Voices Against FARC Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study explores the Colombian peoples’ desire to stop the FARC from proliferating terror in the country. Oscar Morales, a former engineer, began a one million person...
Public Freedoms Jean Rivero
Public Liberties Jean Rivero, Hugues Moutouh Here you can find the Persian translation of Public Liberties.
Queen Elizabeth II and Coronation Ban for Women Parivash Ghaneipour This article delves into the reasons of advantages for the royal families. This resource is only available in Persian.
Queen Elizabeth II and Coronation Ban for Women Parivash Ghaneipour
Ratification of CEDAW Michael Kevane This research paper provides an overview of the ratification of CEDAW and its importance to bring international obligations to states’ parties.
Ratification of CEDAW Michael Kevane
Realizing Women's Rights to Land and Other Productive Resources UN Women and OHCHR The purpose of this publication is to provide detailed guidance to support the adoption and effective implementation of laws, policies and programmes to respect, protect and fulfil women’s rights to...
Reclaiming Sicily from the Mafia: Rita Borsellino and the Addiopizzo Movement Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study analyzes how Rita Borsellino stood up to the Mafia in Italy after her brother, an anti-mafia judge, was murdered. Her work, along with the youth-led Addiopizzo...
Reclaiming Sicily from the Mafia: Rita Borsellino and the Addiopizzo Movement
Recommendations on the Right to Be Forgotten La Quadrature du Net and Reporters Without Borders The European Union Court of Justice ruling of 13 May 2014 on a case brought by Google Spain highlighted the problems for the protection of freedom of expression and the right to information posed by...
Reconciliation after Violent Conflict David Bloomfield, Teresa Barnes, Luc Huyse
References
Reflections on the Communism, 20 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall Paul Hollander This article analyzes the popularity of Communism after the fall of the Berlin Wall. This resource is only available in Persian.
Reflections on the Communism, 20 Years After the Fall of the Berlin Wall Paul Hollander
Reflections on the Constitutional Revolution Ahmad Ashraf This article looks at the role of Great Britain in the Constitutional Revolution in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Refugees Magazine, "Refugee or Migrant?" This is the last issue of Refugees magazine, produced by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), is number 148, issue 4, December 2007. The cover story for this issue, "Refugee or Migrant?"...
Refugees Magazine, "The Excluded" This issue of Refugees magazine, produced by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is number 147, issue 3, September 2007. The cover story for this issue, "The Excluded," explains that many...
Regional Economic Outlook 2014: Middle East and Central Asia International Monetary Fund The Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia (REO) is prepared annually by the IMF’s Middle East and Central Asia Department (MCD). The analysis and projections contained in the MCD...
Religion Mohammad Reza Nikfar
Religion Mohammad Reza Nikfar This provides an overview of religion and religious institutions. This resource is only available in Persian.
Religion and Amendment of the Constitution Arash Naraghi
Religion and Amendments of the Constitution Arash Naraghi This article examines the most challenging issues in the Iranian constitution and its amendments. This resource is only available in Persian.
Religion, Modernity and Secularism Mohammadreza Nikfar This resource is only in Persian.
Religious and Secular Violence Mohammad Reza Nikfar This resource is only in Persian.
Religious and Secular Violence Mohammad Reza Nikfar
Remarks on Internet Freedom Former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton
Remarks on Internet Freedom Former U.S. Secretary of State- Hillary Rodham Clinton In this 2010 speech, former U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton reset U.S. policy on Internet freedom, emphasizing the vital need for governments, companies and technology providers to ensure...
Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran
Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran United Nations This 2008 UNSG report consists of an overview of the legal and institutional framework in the Islamic Republic of Iran; highlights of positive developments as well as protection gaps in the area of...
Report of the Secretary-General on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran 2012 United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon The present report is submitted in accordance with General Assembly resolution 66/175, in which the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit a report to the Assembly at its sixty-seventh...
Report of the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, Heiner Bielefeldt Special Rapporteur: Heiner Bielefeldt
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression Frank La Rue
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression Frank La Rue In this 2011 submission to the Human Rights Council, the Special Rapporteur explores key trends and challenges to the right of all individuals to seek, receive and share information through the...
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran Special Rapporteur on Human Rights to Iran
Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran Ahmed Shaheed This report covers the human rights developments since the commencement of the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on August 1, 2011. The present report outlines the Special Rapporteur's proposed...
Report of the UN Special Rapporteur Frank La Rue
Report on the Situation of Iranian Refugees in Turkey Omid Advocates
Report on the Situation of Iranian Refugees in Turkey Omid Advocates This report describes the journey taken by numerous Iranians who fled the country in the aftermath of the fraudulent presidential election in 2009, seeking political asylum in Turkey.
Reporters’ Guide for Interviewing Iranian Officials on Human Rights Issues International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran
Reporting for Change: A Handbook for Journalists Covering Elections Muhammad Najeeb This Intermedia handbook, developed for journalists covering elections in Pakistan, looks at the criteria for judging election transparency and provides recommendations for improving election...
Representation in Divorce, a Method for Adjusting the Right to Unilaterally Dissolve the Marriage Abdolrasool Diani
Repression, Backfire, and the Theory of Transformative Events David Hess and Brian Martin This article examines the role of how state repression can actually empower social movements through their strategic use of backfire, which is the “public reaction of outrage to an event that is...
Repression, Backfire, and the Theory of Transformative Events David Hess and Brian Martin
Research Institute of World’s Children This institute’s mission is promote child development programs. This resource is only available in Persian.
Research on Executions in 1988 Jeffrey Robertson
Resistance, Black Summer, And Last Words Shahla Shafigh This is the seventh chapter from the book Islamic Totalitarianism: Delusion or Reality? written by Shahla Shafigh. This resource is only available in Persian.
Resistance, Black Summer, Last Words Shahla Shafigh
Resolution Against Gender Discrimination in the Islamic Republic of Iran - This 2006 communique issued by women’s rights groups in Iran makes demands of the Iranian government to reduce gender discrimination.
Resolution Against Gender Discrimination in the Islamic Republic of Iran Boroumand Foundation
Responsibility in the Modern Democratic Politics
Responsibility in the Modern Democratic Politics Mohammad Reza Nikfar This article reflects on the traditional and modern understandings of responsibility. This resource is only available in Persian.
Restoring the Rights of Ethnic and Religious Minorities Mehdi Karoubi Mehdi Karoubi refers to the violation of minorities’ rights as a factor damaging national solidarity. This resource is only available in Persian.
Restoring the Rights of Ethnic and Religious Minorities Mehdi Karoubi
Revolution
Revolution Mehdi Jami This resource is only available in Persian.
Right to Life: Juvenile Executions Emadeddin Baghi This study is the second part of Baghi’s book, “Right to Life,” in which he focuses on abolishing child executions and goes further in discussions that support abolishing child execution based on...
Roadmap for Achieving the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor by 2016 - In this roadmap, the International Labor Organization outlines a plan to eliminate the worst forms of child labor by 2016. The roadmap includes principles of action for governments such as...
Rule of Law Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Rule of Law Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute In a democratic system, rule of law limits the state’s power. This resource is only available in Persian.
Rules of the Game: A Brief Introduction to International Labour Standards Aimed at a non-specialist audience, this revised publication provides an introduction to international labour standards and discusses their importance in today’s global economy, the subjects they...
Rwanda: A Brief History of the Country Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations This timeline offers a brief overview of Rwandan history and introduction to the violence and genocide that took place during the 1990s. Although concise, this timeline is useful for anyone wishing...
Rwanda: A Brief History of the Country Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations
Satisfaction of the Ruled Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute This article looks at the conditions of “those ruled” in countries which lack democracy. This resource is only available in Persian.
Satisfaction of the Ruled Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
Screen Sharing Tools and Technology: A Mini-Guide Kolabora This article explains what screen sharing is, looks at typical features of screen sharing applications, and reviews some of the most popular screen sharing tools.
Screen Sharing Tools and Technology: A Mini-Guide Kolabora
Secularization: Integration and Elimination of Discrimination Mohammad Reza Nikfar How did secularism start among us? What did we achieve? This resource is only available in Persian.
Security Threat Report 2014: Smarter, Shadier, Stealthier Malware Sophos Malware and related IT security threats have grown and matured. Malicious code authors are far more adept at camouflaging their work—using the dark parts of the Internet—creating new threats. The...
Seeking to Persuade: A Constructive Approach to Human Rights Treaty Interpretation John Tobin This report outlines a constructive approach to interpreting invariably vague and ambiguous human rights treaties for human right defenders.
Seeking to Persuade: A Constructive Approach to Human Rights Treaty Interpretation John Tobin
Self-Liberation: A Guide to Strategic Planning for Action to End a Dictatorship or Other Oppression Dr. Gene Sharp
Self-Liberation: A Guide to Strategic Planning for Action to End a Dictatorship or Other Oppression Dr. Gene Sharp This strategic planning guide is intended to assist people planning a grand strategy to liberate themselves from oppression and to build a more free and democratic system. This document is not only...
Separation of Religion and State Mohammad Reza Nikfar This article discusses the theory of secularism and its application in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Separation of Religion and State Mohammadreza Nikfar
Service as Strategy: Promoting Democracy Brett Alessi This Innovations in Civic Participation Report argues that through local service, youth participants become more invested in national and international service. Using examples from Pakistan, the West...
Service as Strategy: Promoting Democracy Brett Alessi
Service to Civics
Service to Civics The Grantmaker Forum on Community & National Service This study and guide produced by Innovations in Civic Participation outlines the key characteristics of active citizenship. It then provides twelve U.S. case studies including program design and...
Sex and Gender Terminology یاس آسمون This resource is available in Persian only.
Sex and Temperament Margaret Mead In this article, assumptions about gender and behavior are discussed. This resource is only available in Persian.
Sex and Temperament Margaret Mead
Sex Equality Arguments for Reproductive Rights: Their Critical Basis and Evolving Constitutional Expression Reva B. Siegel A sex equality analysis of reproductive rights views the social organization of reproduction as playing a key role in determining women’s status and welfare and insists—custom notwithstanding—that...
Sexual Minorities and Criminal Law This resource is available only in Persian.
Sexual orientation and gender identity at the United Nations United Nations
Sexual Torture of Women Political Prisoners in the Islamic Republic of Iran Based on a submission by Justice for Iran (JFI) on sexual violence in the Islamic Republic, the October 2013 report by the UN Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Professor Rashida Manjoo to...
Shia and Autarchy of Shah Akbar Ganji This article challenges the idea that Mohammad Reza Shah was against religion. This resource is only available in Persian.
Shia and Autarchy of Shah Akbar Ganji
Short-Term Community Mohammadali Homayoun Katouzian
Short-Term Community Mohammadali Homayoun Katouzian The article argues that the lack of a strong legal structure in Iran has resulted in only short-term changes in the country. This resource is only available in Persian.
Silenced, Expelled, Imprisoned: Repression of Students and Academics in Iran Amnesty International This Amnesty International report documents the widespread repression and limitations faced by university students and instructors under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's presidency. The report then calls on...
Silencing the Women’s Rights Movement in Iran This report examines the Islamic Republic’s attempt to dismantle the women’s rights movement leading up to and following the June 12, 2009 presidential election. Members of the movement – from part-...
Sina’s Roundtable on Trafficking of Iranian Girls Sina
Sisters in Islam: Protecting Women's Rights in Malaysia Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study analyzes Sisters in Islam’s role in achieving gender equality and family rights in Malaysia. Zainah Anwar’s unique approach to the issue of women’s rights includes...
Sisters in Islam: Protecting Women's Rights in Malaysia Tavaana
Small and Exemplary Activism - Part 14 Steve Crawshaw & John Jackson; translated by Amar Maleki This piece examines the situation of Afghans under Taliban rule and the bravery of one woman to speak out. This resource is only available in Persian.
Small and Exemplary Activism- Part 13 Amar Maleki
Small and Exemplary Activism- Part 13 Steve Crawshaw & John Jackson; translated by Amar Maleki This piece looks at women’s activism to achieve freedom in Liberia. This resource is only available in Persian.
Small and Exemplary Activism- Part 14 Amar Maleki
Small and Exemplary Acts of Civil Resistance - Part 15 John Jackson & Steve Crawshaw; Translated by Ammar Maleki Here you can find part 15 of this series. This resource is only available in Persian.
Small and Exemplary Acts of Civil Resistance - Part 3 John Jackson & Steve Crawshaw; Translated by Ammar Maleki This is part 3 of this series. This resource is only available in Persian.
Small and Exemplary Acts of Civil Resistance - Part 6 John Jackson & Steve Crawshaw; Translated by Ammar Maleki This is part 6 of this series. This resource is only available in Persian.
Small and Exemplary Acts of Civil Resistance- Part 15 Amar Maleki
Small and Exemplary Acts of Civil Resistance- Part 6 Amar Maleki
Small Screen, Big Picture: Jasmine News and SMS News Delivery in Sri Lanka Mobile Media Toolkit
Social Entrepreneurship
Society
Society and Government: Fundamental Challenges Gholamreza Afkhami
Solidarity, Pope John Paul II, and the Orange Alternative: Bringing Down Communism in Poland Tavaana
Solidarity, Pope John Paul II, and the Orange Alternative: Bringing Down Communism in Poland Tavaana This case study describes the mass movement that ended Communism in Poland in 1989, under the leadership of Lech Walesa and the Solidarity trade union, Pope John Paul II, and the Orange Alternative.
Some Observations on the State of Prisons in Contemporary Iran Anna Enayat Many of the numerous accounts over the past thirty years of the failure of the Iranian judiciary to observe due process and the principles of a fair trial, the use of torture and poor prison...
Sophos Security Threat Report 2011 SophosLabs and Naked Security
Sophos Security Threat Report 2011 Sophos As peoples’ interaction with technology and social media evolved in 2010, cybercriminals developed new ways to prey on Internet users. This report identifies the threats, the way they work, and...
Soros and the State Department: Moving Iran Towards the Open Society Edmund Berger
Soros and the State Department: Moving Iran towards the Open Society Edmund Berger This article examines philanthropist George Soros’s theory on “open society” and how the ideals of an open society could be applied in Iran. Through discussion of American foreign policies toward...
Sources of Power
Sources of Power Center for the Study of Strategic Nonviolent Defense This article focuses on the idea that people need to understand the nature of power in order to achieve victory. This resource is only available in Persian.
Special Court for the Clergy: Raison d’être, Development, Structure and Function Iran Human Rights Documentation Center
Spotlight on the Iranian Foreign Born Shirin Hakimzadeh & David Dixon of the Migration Policy Institute
Spotlight on the Iranian Foreign Born Shirin Hakimzadeh & David Dixon of the Migration Policy Institute This spotlight focuses on the Iranian foreign born in the United States, examining the population's size, growth, and geographic distribution over the last three decades using data from the Census...
State and Society: Facing the Challenges of the 21st Century Gholamreza Afkhami This resource outlines the UNDP’s 8 political, social and economic development goals for 2015. This resource is only available in Persian.
State Legitimacy Farshid Yasayi This article examines the source of power in relation to the legitimacy of state. This resource is only available in Persian.
State of Civil Society in Iran Sohrab Razzaghi
State of Civil Society in Iran Sohrab Razzaghi Sohrab Razzaghi’s report for Arseh Sevom examines the strengths and weaknesses of Iranian civil society as well as legal, political, social, economic, cultural and international environment for its...
State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2011 Minority Rights Group International This report includes thematic essays and regional overviews that assess the situation of minority communities around the globe. This year's report is specifically focused on women within minority...
State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2011 Minority Rights Group International
Statement of "Iranian Women’s Movement Coalition" to Propose their Demands for the Coming Presidential Elections The Coalition of Several Women and Civil Rights Activists and NGOs   A statement from a coalition of several women’s movement and civil rights activists on their demands for the 2009 Presidential Elections and how they intend to accomplish their goals. 
Statement of ‘Iranian Women’s Movement Coalition’ to Propose their Demands for the Coming Presidential Elections Iran Human Rights Documentation center
Stolen Lives, Empty Classroom: An Overview on Girl Marriages in the Islamic Republic of Iran This brief report examines statistics issued by the Islamic Republic Personal Status Registration Organization and Iran National Statistics Office between 2007 and 2012. It closely examines the...
Strategic Use of IT in Youth Engagement for Global Citizenship Canadian Council of International Cooperation This article is intended as a resource to help stakeholders involved in public engagement develop an effective IT strategy for youth engagement in civic activities and select the right tools for...
Strategic Use of IT in Youth Engagement for Global Citizenship
Successful Social Change Leading and Its Values
Successful Social Change Leading and Its Values: Discovery Through Cooperative Inquiry Susana Almanza, Mónica Byrne-Jiménez, Michelle de la Uz, Stan Eilert, Theresa Holden, Mary Houghton, Linda Smith, Deborah Warren This study examines eight well-known social leaders and their efforts to form interpersonal relationships, create coalitions and engage in internal dialogue.
Surviving Rape in Iran's Prisons This report documents the ordeals of five former prisoners – two women and three men – who provide their first-hand accounts of being raped, witnessing rape or being threatened with rape during their...
Swann's Way Marcel Proust Swann's Way is the first volume of Proust's seven-part novel "In Search of Lost Time". This resource is only available in Persian.
Tahkim Vahdat’s Report About More Than 2000 Students’ Rights Violations Tahkim Vahdat The Human Rights Commission of Tahkim Vahdat has submitted this report to Ahmad Shahid, the UN Special Rapporteur to Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Tahkim Vahdat’s Report About More Than 2000 Students’ Rights Violations Tahkim Vahdat
Technology Case Studies Tavaana This compilation of selected Tavaana case studies examines the use of technology in civic movements worldwide. These exclusive Tavaana case studies are designed to offer an Iranian audience concise...
Ten Green Movement Strategies to Make the Islamic Regime Yield Majid Mohammadi This Gozaar report offers ten political and media strategies for members of the Green Movement to continue their opposition to the Iranian regime.
Ten Green Movement Strategies to Make the Islamic Regime Yield Freedom House
Ten Practical Tips for Covering Development Edem Djokotoe Targeted to journalists in developing countries, this International Center for Journalists article provides ten tips for achieving greater public impact when reporting on development stories. First...
Ten Steps to Investigative Reporting Lucinda S Fleeson This training guide, developed by the International Center for Journalists, offers advice to reporters in the face of obstacles specific to emerging democracies and developing countries such as...
The "Tree Mother of Africa" and Her Green Belt Movement
The "Tree Mother of Africa" and Her Green Belt Movement Tavaana
The Anatomy of a Botnet Arbor Networks
The Anti-Coup Gene Sharp and Bruce Jenkins This book delves into the logistics of and reasons for coups. It also includes ways to defend society against coups and nonviolent weapons which ordinary citizens can use to prevent a coup and/or...
The Anti-Coup Gene Sharp and Bruce Jenkins
The Approach of Michel Foucault to Gender Issues Mansour Pooyan
The Article 19 Freedom of Expression Handbook
The Article 19 Freedom of Expression Handbook Article 19 This Article XIX report describes international and national mechanisms in place to protect freedom of expression worldwide. 
The Assassination List Until 1997
The Birth of Biopolitics Michel Foucault
The Birth of Biopolitics Michel Foucault What are the specific features of the liberal art of government as they were outlined in the Eighteenth century? What crisis of governmentality characterises the present world and what revisions of...
The British Role in Iran's Constitutional Revolution Mansour Bonakdarian This article delves into history to examine the role of Great Britain in Iran’s Constitutional Revolution. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Campaign to Ban Landmines: How One Woman's Vision Created an International Network
The Castle Franz Kafka The Castle is a novel by Franz Kafka. He died before finishing the novel. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Cedar Revolution in Lebanon Tavaana
The Cedar Revolution in Lebanon Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study explores the 2005 Cedar Revolution in Lebanon. The assassination of Prime Minister Saad Hariri in February 2005 galvanized the Lebanese population into a nonviolent...
The Concept of Freedom According to Ayzaya Berlin’s Thought Morteza Afshari
The Concept of Freedom According to Ayzaya Berlin’s Thought Morteza Afshari Ayzaya Berlin introduces two concepts of freedom, one positive and one negative. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Concise Encyclopedia of Iran Jaleh Mottahedin This resource illustrates the history, geography, art and culture of Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Confessions of Dolgoruki: Story Writing and Identity Scripting Mina Yazdani This is a political story written by a Russian ambassador to Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Consequences of Economic Sanctions on Iran's Oil and Gas Industry
The Constitutional Revolution Ahmad Ashraf
The Cost of Faith: Persecution of Christian Protestants and Converts in Iran International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran The 73-page comprehensive report, The Cost of Faith: Persecution of Christian Protestants and Converts in Iran, documents a pattern of rights violations that extends to all walks of life for...
The Death Penalty vs. Human Rights: Why Abolish the Death Penalty? Amnesty International In this document Amnesty International calls on the UN General Assembly, 62nd session, (2007) to adopt a resolution affirming the right to life and stating that abolition of the death penalty is...
The Democracy Led in Autocratic States
The Diary of a Young Girl Anne Frank
The Diary of Anne Frank Anne Frank This book is a collection of writings from the diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.This resource is only...
The Effect of Sanctions on Iran's Oil and Gas Industries Parviz Mina The author adduces a series of technological, investment, and marketing evidence and concludes that contrary to the claims made by the leaders of the Islamic Republic, sanctions have had a...
The Elephant That Became a Tiger: 20 Years of Economic Reform in India Swaminathan S. Anklesaria Aiyar
The Elephant That Became a Tiger: 20 Years of Economic Reform in India Swaminathan S. Anklesaria Aiyar A foreign exchange crisis in 1991 induced India to abandon decades of inward-looking socialism and adopt economic reforms that have converted the once-lumbering elephant into the latest Asian tiger....
The Endless Challenges of Democracy and Political Development in Iran
The Endless Challenges of Democracy and Political Development in Iran Mahmood Sariolghalam The author argues that both the modification of structures and the philosophical consensus of political intellectual are necessary for political development in Iran. This resource is only available...
The EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders: What lessons learnt so far? Front Line Defenders This article examines the EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders which were adopted in 2004 as one of six actors. EU Guidelines on Human Rights. The aim of the EU Guidelines on HRDs is to provide...
The EU Guidelines on Human Rights Defenders: What lessons learnt so far?
The Executions Until 1986
The Fate of the Iranian Baha'is Reza Afshari In this article, the author discusses the violation of Bahais’ rights and the reactions of international organs to these violations. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Fate of the Iranian Baha'is Reza Afshari In this article, the author discusses the violation of Bahais’ rights and the reactions of international organs to these violations. This resource is only available in Persian.
The First Iranian Writing about Democracy Akhondzadeh, Nazemdoleh, Aghakhan Kermani
The First Iranian Writings about Democracy Akhondzadeh, Nazemdoleh, Aghakhan Kermani This resource includes the first writings by Iranian intellectuals on democracy. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Framework of Democracy is Human Rights Law Shirin Ebadi Democracy is more of a culture than a way of governing or a political system. It is a historical process that must go through its evolution. No country can be a quasi democracy. It is in fact...
The Freedom Papers David Webster
The Freedom Papers David Webster, Matthew Gandal and Chester E. Finn, Norman Ornstein, Susan Sullivan Lagon, Celeste Colgan, Steven Goldberg, Bruce Kennedy The Freedom Papers is a series of seven papers that provide practical information, case studies, and sources of information on issues of democracy-building. Topics include: free and independent media...
The Future of Freedom Fareed Zakaria This book discusses liberalism and rule of law in relation to the future of freedom. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Future of Shari'a Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na`im
The Future of Shari'a Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na’im The writer is arguing here for the secular state as a framework for negotiating the future of Shari'a, without claiming or seeking to examine all the theoretical or practical implications of this...
The Green Movement: Harbinger of a New Democracy Farhad Khosrokhavar This article discusses the history of recent social movements in Iran, focusing on the Green Movement. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Guide to Defendants' Rights Mahnaz Parakandeh, Abdolfatah Soltani The Guide to Defendants' Rights is a Persian language booklet with simple explanations on defendants' legal rights in the Iranian context. It includes information on different types of charges and...
The Heart and Frame of Democracy Abdolkarim Soroush This article discusses the right to political participation, one of the basic human rights in the modern world. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Heart and Frame of Democracy Abdolkarim Soroush
The Human Rights Council and its Special Procedures FAS
The Human Rights Council and its Special Procedures, From Criticism to Hope - This manual provides an overview of the Human Rights Council and its mechanisms as well as the role and place of NGOs in the HRC.
The ILO MNEs Declaration: What's in It for workers? - The Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy or MNEs Declaration, is an ILO declaration establishing that enterprises should respect the right of...
The Impact of Socio-Political Integration and Press Freedom on Corruption Nicholas Charron This study provides empirical evidence for the hypothesis that increased openness and transparency in domestic institutions correlates with a decrease in corruption. The author, Nicholas Charron,...
The Impact of Socio-Political Integration and Press Freedom on Corruption Nicholas Charron
The Increasing Influence of the Revolutionary Guard Ali Alfooneh
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines: How One Woman's Vision Created an International Network Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study examines the growth of the movement to ban landmines from a small effort to an international network.
The Iranian Charter of Citizens’ Rights Nazila Ghanea In this article, professor of international human rights law at Oxford University and Tavaana faculty member Nazila Ghanea casts a critical eye on the Rouhani government’s recently released Citizens...
The Iranian Manifest of Blogs
The Iranian Revolution in the New Era Said Amir Arjomand This report by Said Amir ARjomand analyzes the June 2009 electoral push in Iran which ushered in a new phase in the Islamic Republic’s now thirty-one year long history. With the apparent backing of...
The Iranian Revolution in the New Era Said Amir Arjomand
The Islamic Republic, Violence and Oppression of Women and Forced Hejab Laws Nasrin Afzali When Iranians disregard laws pertaining to driving, finance, banking and even political activism, some may then question, why do they not disregard this single law? The answer is that for the Islamic...
The Justice and Reconciliation Process in Rwanda Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations
The Justice and Reconciliation Process in Rwanda Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United Nations The 1994 genocide in Rwanda left the country’s population and infrastructure devastated. Up to one million people died and as many as 250,000 women were raped. This guide provides an overview of the...
The Ladies in White: Marching for Change in Cuba Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study describes a nonviolent movement of Cuban women who hold weekly marches in Havana calling for the release of political prisoners and greater freedom in Cuba.
The Legal Nature of Contracts Abed Mousavi
The Legal Nature of Contracts Abed Mousavi This article delves into the history of labor law and the legal nature of contracts. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Massacre of Political Prisoners in Iran, 1988 Jeffrey Robertson This article takes an in-depth look at the execution of Iranian prisoners in 1988.
The Massacre of Political Prisoners in Iran, 1988 Geoffrey Robertson Late in July 1988, as the war with Iraq was ending in a truculent truce, prisons in Iran crammed with government opponents suddenly went into lockdown. All family visits were cancelled, televisions...
The Minimum Age of Marriage in Iran
The Minority of Sunnis Jalal Jalali Zadeh
The Minority of Sunnis Jalal Jalali Zadeh In this article, the challenges of religious minorities, specifically Sunni Muslims, are discussed. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Monitoring Function Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The Monitoring Function Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights This manual is one component of a two-part package of materials for training on human rights monitoring. The package outlines the conduct of human rights officers and monitors in field operations...
The Moroccan Justice and Reconciliation Committee's Final Report of Human Rights in Morocco Morocco's Justice and Reconciliation Commission
The Myth of Sisyphus Albert Camus The Myth of Sisyphus,  published in 1942, is a philosophical essay by Albert Camus. The essay is organized in four chapters and one appendix. This resource is only available in Persian.
The New Order of Clergy in Iran Mehdi Khalaji This resource is only in Persian.
The Obstacles to Democracy in Iran Hassan Yousefi Eshkevari Although Iran has had a constitution, parliament, and elections for over 100 years, the country has not fully experienced democracy. This article responds to this issue. This resource is only...
The Obstacles to Democracy in Iran Hassan Yousefi Eshkevari
The Obstacles to the Political Participation of Women in Iran Abbas Mohammadi Asl This article outlines the main factors preventing women from effective and full political participation. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Obstacles to the Political Participation of Women in Iran Abas Mohamadi Asl
The Office of the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran Hands Over Evidence of Torture to an Investigating Committee The daily Enqelab Eslami These documents consist of evidence, including written complaints, coroner's reports, testimonies of witnesses to the acts of torture, along with photographs depicting marks of torture on the bodies...
The One who was Dead took a Deep Breath Fatemeh Ekhtesari The One who was Dead took a Deep Breath Thirty-Eight Days of Solitary Confinement in Tehran’s Evin Prison By Fatemeh Ekhtesari   This is a Tavaana exclusive collection of poet Fatemeh Ekhtesari’s...
The Origin and Nature of the New Era Mohammadreza Nikfar
The Origin and Nature of the New Era Mohammad Reza Nikfar This article examines Hans Blumenberg’s view towards the origin and nature of the new era. This resource is only available in Persian.
The People Power Revolution in the Philippines:
The People Power Revolution in the Philippines: I Saw No One Yield to Fear Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study describes how after the death of her husband, Cory Aquino took the reins of her husband’s fight against the corrupt and authoritarian Marcos regime in the...
The Philosophy of Freedom and Principles of Democracy Fereidoon Adamiyat
The Philosophy of Freedom and Principles of Democracy Fereidoon Adamiyat This article explains the basis of democracy and freedom, as well as the requirements of a democratic state. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Power of the Powerless Vaclav Havel Vaclav Havel was a prominent democracy activist and one of the leaders of Czechoslovakia’s 1989 Velvet Revolution, which ended the country’s oppressive Communist regime. In 1978, he wrote “The Power...
The Problem of Political Crimes in Iranian Law Mohammad H. Nayyeri This article examines the concept of political crimes in the legal framework of Iran. While the Iranian Constitution provides special procedural safeguards for those charged with such crimes, i.e....
The Quantum Leadership: The Power of Community in Motion Jennifer Milewski Based on research generated from ISC's Leadership for a Changing World program, this book illustrates the methods and strategies that leaders use to catalyze and strengthen their communities.
The Relationship between Religion and Politics
The Report of Iran’s Prisons Status in 2007 Prisoners' Rights Defense Association
The Report of Iran’s Prisons Status in 2007 - This is a report on the situation of prisons in Iran in the year 2007. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Right Side of the Law Peter Ackerman and Michael J. Glennon
The Right Side of the Law Peter Ackerman and Michael J. Glennon This article by Peter Ackerman reveals the lengths at which autocratic rulers will go to stay in power. Specifically, it looks at laws which leaders use to ban foreign assistance to democracy...
The Right to Rise Up: People Power and the Virtues of Civic Disruption Peter Ackerman and Jack Duvall Peter Ackerman and Jack Duvall explore the historical basis of civic disruption producing democratic revolution. The authors give disruption tactics, strategic advice, and nonviolent knowledge...
The Right to Rise Up: People Power and the Virtues of Civic Disruption Peter Ackerman and Jack Duvall
The Rise of the Revolutionary Guard in Iran Ali Alfoneh This article takes a look at the role of the Revolutionary Guard in the police suppression after 2009 election in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Risks of Ratifying Civil Laws in Iran Mohammad Ali Foroughi
The Risks of Ratifying Civil Laws in Iran Mohammad Ali Foroughi This resource reveals details of the constitutional revolution in Iran which is unknown to younger generations. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Role of Business Associations, Civil Society and Media in Addressing Corruption Mark T. McCord Transparency is one of the main strategies to counter corruption. This article refers to experiences of Slovakia, Azerbaijan, Philippines, Brazil, Ukraine and Romania.
The Role of Governments in Protecting and Furthering Internet Freedom Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands This Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs report outlines how governments can foster the continued evolution of an Internet environment that supports human creativity, expression and knowledge sharing...
The Role of Governments in Protecting and Furthering Internet Freedom Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands
The Role of Ideology in the Foreign Policy of Iran Mehdi Mozafari
The Role of New Media in the 2009 Iranian Elections Laura Mottaz In presentations and discussions during a panel discussion held by the Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA), new media practitioners, Iran specialists, and interested observers attempted...
The role of new media in the 2009 Iranian elections Center for International Media Assistance
The Role of the Internet in Burma’s Saffron Revolution Mridul Chowdhury, Berkman Center for Internet and Society
The Role of the Internet in Burma’s Saffron Revolution Mridul Chowdhury, Berkman Center for Internet and Society In 2007, activists flooded the Internet with images and videos of Burmese monks leading large, peaceful demonstrations against the government. The Burmese government responded by shutting down the...
The Roots of Religious Liberty Melvin Urofsky Religious freedom is one of the most prized liberties of the American people, a fact that strikes some people as incongruous if they think of the United States as a secular society. That very phrase...
The Rule of Majority and the Rights of Minority Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute
The Rule of Majority and the Rights of Minority Freedom House, Albert Shanker Institute This article discusses the respect for minority rights in a democratic state. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Shock of Secularism among the Clergy Mehdi Khalaji
The Shock of Secularism Among the Clergy Mehdi Khalaji The article explains why, more than a century since the idea of secularism entered Iran, the clergy are still in shock. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Spirit of Democracy Larry Diamond In this article the author explains democracy as a global value for all people around the world. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Spirit of Democracy Larry Diamond
The Story of Human Rights G. Robertson
The Story of Human Rights G. Robertson This is the first chapter of a book entitled Crime Against Humanity, published in 1999. It details the philosophical and historical origins of human rights instruments.
The Stranger Albert Camus The Stranger is a novel by Albert Camus published in 1942. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Terms of Marriage Contract It explains the terms of marriage contract and protection of women's rights. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Terms of the Contract
The Terms of the Marriage Mohaghegh Damad
The Theory of Power Bagher Parham
The Time of Flight Solmaz This book provides a list of people arrested after the 2009 election in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
The Time of Flight Solmaz
The Torture Reporting Handbook Camille Giffard This handbook is aimed primarily at less experienced NGOs, particularly smaller NGOs working at a national or community level, who wish to become more involved in torture reporting. Rather than...
The Tree Mother of Africa and Her Green Belt Movement Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study details the work of Wangari Muta Maathai, a Kenyan woman who started an environmental preservation NGO in Kenya. Her project began in an effort to plant trees to...
The Trial Franz Kafka The Trial is a novel written by Franz Kafka which was published after his death in 1925. It tells the story of a man arrested and prosecuted by a remote, inaccessible authority, with the nature of...
The United Nations Human Rights System United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
The United Nations Human Rights System: How to Make it Work for You UN-NGLS & OHCHR This publication, produced in conjunction with the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, gives an introduction to the United Nations system’s work to promote the respect of...
The United Nations Today: Human Rights United Nations The United Nations Today seeks to promote understanding of the UN’s worldwide activities, and it invites you, the reader, to participate in them. It is meant as a concise yet invaluable reference...
The Violation of Bahais’ Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran Reza Afshari
The World Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2014: Gender Equality and Sustainable Development The World Survey on the Role of Women in Development is a UN Secretary-General report mandated by the Second Committee of the General Assembly and comes out every five years. The 2014 report focuses...
The Year Life Won in Serbia: The Otpor Movement Against Milosevic
The Year Life Won in Serbia: The Otpor Movement Against Milosevic Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study describes the Serbian student’s movement Otpor, meaning “resistance”, which was formed by Belgrade university students who yearned for an open society. After the...
Theories on Development Relations Srinivas R Melkote This article focuses on theories of development. This resource is only available in Persian.
Theories on Development Relations Srinivas R Melkote
There are Realistic Alternatives Gene Sharp This Albert Einstein Institute book purports the importance of alternatives to violence and war, giving advice on strategic planning for nonviolent campaigns against repressive regimes.
There are Realistic Alternatives Gene Sharp
Thirty-five Years of Forced Hijab; The Widespread and Systematic Violation of Women’s Right in Iran Iran is the first country where all women are forced by law to observe hijab laws. Without espousing a clear definition of hijab, Islamic Republic laws consider women who lack “Islamic veil” in “...
Threaten but Participate: Why Election Boycotts Are a Bad Idea Matthew Frankel Using a comprehensive study of 171 threatened and actual election boycotts, Matthew Frankel explains why election boycotts typically yield unsuccessful results for the boycotting party. He argues...
Tourjan
Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns This UN Office on Drugs and Crime report analyzes worldwide human trafficking data collected between 1996 and 2003 to identify global and regional patterns of reported trafficking in persons. This...
Transformational Leadership: Advancing the Agenda for Gender Justice Peggy Antrobus In this article, Peggy Antrobus looks at the concept of 'transformational leadership'. She shares her personal experience of becoming a leader in the international women's movement, and of women...
Transformational Leadership: Advancing the Agenda for Gender Justice Peggy Antrobus
Transition to Democracy in Iran: Observations on International Influences on Democratization in Iran Abbas Milani The forces that attempted to create democracy in Iran a hundred years ago are have only grown and become more experienced in the language and logic of democracy. The hitherto unrealized dream of...
Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Sanam Naraghi Anderlini, Camille Pampell Conaway, Lisa Kays
Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Sanam Naraghi Anderlini, Camille Pampell Conaway, Lisa Kays This manual provides an overview of transitional justice and the key factors involved in transitional justice. It also discusses the different meanings of reconciliation and the ways to reach...
Travel Ban: Another Form of Violence Mitra Shojayi This article looks at travel bans and discusses how they constitute a violation of the right to movement recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This resource is only available in...
Travel Ban: Another Form of Violence Mitra Shojayi
True Accounts of Human Trafficking True Accounts of Human Trafficking offers real-life accounts of people who have been forced into modern slavery around the world. Many workers found themselves in dire working conditions after...
True Accounts of Human Trafficking
Turkey Throws Iran a Safety Net Dr. Nimrod Raphaeli
Turkey Throws Iran a Safety Net Nimrod Raphaeli This resource looks into the current and historical economic relations between Iran and its neighbor, Turkey. The report outlines Iran’s economic condition within the new sanctions framework and...
UN Special Rapporteurs
Under Attack: Practicing Journalism in a Dangerous World Center for International Media Assistance
Under Attack: Practicing Journalism in a Dangerous World Bill Ristow This report focuses on the most dangerous countries in the world for journalists, beginning with an empirical analysis of causes and hotspots of violence and ending with a section on national and...
Undermining Democracy: 21st Century Authoritarians Freedom House Pivotal authoritarian regimes have adapted and modernized their repressive methods and are undermining democracy in updated, sophisticated, and well funded ways. The result is a disruptive and...
Unequal Law Brings Violence Against Women Leyla Ali Karami This author argues that unequal laws result in different forms of violence against women affecting various areas of their lives. This resource is only available in Persian.
Unequal Law Brings Violence Against Women Leyla Ali Karami
UNHCR Global Report 2012 This report, produced by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) gives an overview of the refugees’ status, states’ policies and UNHCR assistance throughout the world.
UNHCR Global Report 2013 UNHCR The Global Report, published by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) annually, offers a comprehensive view of the agency's challenges and achievements worldwide.
UNICEF Annual Report 2013 In 2013, UNICEF strengthened its focus on equity and reaching the poorest and most vulnerable children. Advocacy around children with disabilities promoted their inclusion, while the global launch of...
Universal Declaration about Laicite in 21st Century Sheidan Vasigh (translator) This declaration was passed in the French Senate on December 9, 2005. This resource is only available in Persian.
Universal Declaration about Laicite in 21st Century Sheidan Vasigh (translator)
Universal Declaration of Human Rights United Nations The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of...
Unsafe Haven: The Security Challenges Facing Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Turkey Helsinki Citizens' Assembly—Turkey (HCA), Organization for Refugee, Asylum and Migration (ORAM) This report was first released in 2009 and then revised and updated in 2011. In addition to being based on the original 46 in-depth interviews conducted for the 2009 edition of this report, the...
Unwelcome Guests: Iran’s Violation of Afghan Refugee and Migrant Rights Human Rights Watch This 124-page report documents how Iran’s flawed asylum system results in a detention and deportation process with no due process or opportunity for legal appeal. Iranian officials have in recent...
Ushahidi: From Crisis Mapping Kenya to Mapping the Globe
Ushahidi: From Crisis Mapping Kenya to Mapping the Globe Tavaana As Kenya erupted in violence in January 2008, a small group of Kenyan activists and tech experts launched a mash-up technology that would mobilize Kenyan relief efforts and revolutionize crisis...
Velvet Revolution: A Peaceful End to Communism in Czechoslovakia Tavaana This exclusive Tavaana case study describes how Vaclav Havel and the Civic Forum mobilized tens of thousands of Czechoslovaks to hold protests and general strikes that ended Communism in the country...
Velvet Revolution: A Peaceful End to Communism in Czechoslovakia Tavaana
Victories over Violence: Ensuring Safety for Women and Girls - A Practitioner's Manual Mahnaz Afkhami, Haleh Vaziri Violence against women and girls is a problem at both the local and global levels. This guide from the Women’s Learning Partnership is designed to help facilitators and participants explore the...
Victories over Violence: Ensuring Safety for Women and Girls - A Practitioner's Manual Mahnaz Afkhami, Haleh Vaziri
Violations of Civil Rights in Security and Intelligence Prisons and Detention Centers in Tehran Hojatolesam 'Abas' Ali Alizadeh
Violations of Civil Rights in Security and Intelligence Prisons and Detention Centers in Tehran Hojatoleslam Abbas Ali Alizadeh Alizadeh, the head of the Judiciary of the Tehran Province and head of the Civil Rights Inspectorate, presented this report on the civil rights violations in Iranian prisons. Violations include the...
Violence Against Political Prisoners Mahnaz Parakand Violence begins at the earliest stages of legal proceedings against those accused or imprisoned on charges of political activism and it continues through all stages of investigation and judgement....
Violence Against Women and "Honor" Crimes Human Rights Watch
Violence against Women and Girls Shelah S. Bloom
Violence against Women and Girls Shelah S. Bloom The goal of this compendium is to develop a set of monitoring and evaluation indicators for program managers, organizations, and policy makers who are working to address violence against women and...
Violence Against Women Information Amnesty International
Violence Against Women Information - Around the world at least one woman in every three has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Every year, violence in the home and the community devastates the lives of...
Virtual Collaboration Dave Pollard This brief blog entry offers a table comparing the strengths and weaknesses of different online tools for collaboration.
Virtual collaboration: if you can't work side by side Dave Pollard
Waiting for Godot Samuel Beckett Waiting for Godot is an absurdist play by Samuel Beckett, in which two characters are waiting for someone named Godot who never comes. This resource is only available in Persian.
Walden Henry David Thoreau This translation is an excerpt from Henry David Thoreau Walden, a book documenting his experiences living in self-sufficient solitude on the shores of Massachusetts's Walden Pond. Thoreau (1817-1862...
War and Holocaust Michael Wildt  "War and Holocaust" provides a comprehensive account of Nazi rule in Germany and the war which brought about its downfall. Drawing on the latest research, this exclusive Tavaana translation ...
What Does Secularism Mean Charles Taylor
What is Enlightenment? Immanuel Kant This article explains that enlightenment means freedom from humility which is imposed on humans. This resource is only available in Persian.
What is Enlightenment? Immanuel Kant
What is Fascism? Yadollah Movaghen
What is Fascism? Yadollah Movaghen This article seeks to explain the rise of Communism in Germany and Italy, two civilized countries where violence and technology were used to control people’s thoughts. This resource is only available...
What is Secularism? Mohammad Reza Nikfar This article discusses the necessity of separation of religion and state. This resource is only available in Persian.
What is Secularism? Mardomak
Who is a female housekeeper? Ann Oakley This article discusses the reasons behind and role of housekeeping jobs for women. This resource is only available in Persian.
Who is a female housekeeper? Ann Oakley
Why Intellectuals Oppose Capitalism Robert Nozick This resource is only in Persian.
Why They Left: Stories of Iranian Activists in Exile Human Rights Watch This 60-page report documents the experiences of dozens of rights defenders, journalists and bloggers, and lawyers whom security and intelligence forces targeted because they spoke out against the...
Wife Killing under Law Reza Mazlouman
Wife Killing Under Law Reza Mazlouman In this article, honor killing according to the former Criminal Code of Iran is discussed. This resource is only available in Persian.
Wireless Networking in the Developing World Jane Butler, Ermanno Pietrosemoli, Marco Zennaro et al. This book provides a complete and comprehensive handbook for designing and building low cost networks with information ranging from basic radio physics and network design to equipment and...
Women and education in Saudi Arabia: Challenges and achievements Amani Hamdan The historical socio-economic and political conditions of Saudi Arabia are an essential aspect of understanding a woman’s position in Saudi society. The persistence of women’s exclusion from public...
Women and Gender in Islam Leila Ahmed This book presents an historical overview of women and gender in Islam. It is written from a feminist perspective, using the analytic tools of contemporary gender studies. The results of its...
Women and the 1979 Revolution: Refusing Religious-Defined Womanhood Haideh Moghissi This article is a response to questions raised about the women’s movement in Iran. This resource is only available in Persian.
Women and the Holocaust: Courage and Compassion The United Nations
Women and the Holocaust: Courage and Compassion The Holocaust and the United Nations Outreach Programme, USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education and Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Authority This study guide, accompanied with a DVD (available on online) is intended to enrich readers’ knowledge of the experiences of Jewish, Roma and Sinti women during the Holocaust. The study guide...
Women and the Right to Food International Law and State Practice Isabella Rae
Women and the Right to Food: International Law and State Practice Isabella Rae Right to Food Studies is a series of articles and reports on right to food related issues of contemporary interest in the areas of policy, legislation, agriculture, ruraldevelopment, biodiversity,...
Women Human Rights Defenders’ Security Strategies: Insiste Persiste Resiste Existe Jane Barry & Vahida Nainar This Urgent Action Fund report outlines the activism experiences of women from all over the world, including Iran, Colombia, Nepal, Burma, Thailand, Algeria, Tunisia, Bosnia, Serbia and the...
Women Human Rights Defenders’ Security Strategies: Insiste Persiste Resiste Existe Jane Barry
Women in the Iranian Election Campaign and Protest Woodrow Wilson Center
Women in the Iranian Election Campaign and Protest Wilson Center Middle East Program This Woodrow Wilson Center Middle East Program Journal includes a special report on women’s role in the 2009 Iranian elections as well as other reports on Iranian civil society including: Quiet...
Women's Rights Are Human Rights Charlotte Bunch, Elisabeth Friedman, Elissavet Stamatopoulou This is a book chapter on the history of women's movement in the fight for their human rights at the international level. This resource is only available in Persian.
Women's Rights Case Studies Tavaana This compilation of selected Tavaana case studies covers civic movements pursuing the rights of women the world over. These exclusive case studies are designed to offer an Iranian audience concise...
Women's Rights in Iran 2010 Nayereh Tohidi
Women, Laws, Initiatives in the Muslim World Women Living Under Muslim Laws
Women, Laws, Initiatives in the Muslim World Women Living Under Muslim Laws An action-oriented publication, this booklet examines some of the central themes which are integral to the status of women in Muslim societies: the multiple sources and forms of law; family, ...
Women’s Activism Valentine Moghadam, Elham Gheytanchi
Women’s Employment and Interest of Family
Women’s Judgment Hosein Mehrpoor
Women’s Judgment Hosein Mehrpoor This article takes a critical look at gender discrimination and the denial of women’s judgment in Sharia law. This resource is only available in Persian.
Women’s Movement (After Revolution)
Women’s Movement (After Revolution) Reyhaneh Noshiravani This article discusses the women’s movement in Iran following the 1979 Islamic revolution.
Women’s Movement (Before Revolution) Reyhaneh Noshiravani This article discusses the women’s movement in Iran prior to the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
Women’s Movement (Before Revolution)
Women’s Movement and the Islamic Republic of Iran Haydeh Maghisi
Women’s Political Participation in China: in whose interests elections? Jude Howell
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa 2010 Nayereh Tohidi
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa 2010 Nayereh Tohidi
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa 2010-Methodology Freedom House
Women’s Rights in the Middle East and North Africa 2010: Iran Nayereh Tohidi This Freedom House study provides a comprehensive report on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa. The exclusive Iran report, written by Nayareh Tohidi, outlines the...
Workers’ Rights and Workers’ Access to the Justice System in Iran Nasser Asghary A persistent trend in the Islamic Republic of Iran has been the repression of trade unions and of labour rights. Workers are forbidden from forming independent associations, as well as not being...
Working Towards a Deeper Understanding of Digital Safety for Children and Young People in Developing Nations Berkman Center for Internet and Society This paper provides a tentative map of issues related to digital safety for youth in developing nations and give insights into the current state of the respective research based on an exploratory...
World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development The 2012 World Development Report on Gender Equality and Development finds that women's lives around the world have improved dramatically, but gaps remain in many areas. The authors use a conceptual...
World Development Report 2013: Jobs The World Development Report 2013: Jobs stresses the role of strong private sector led growth in creating jobs and outlines how jobs that do the most for development can spur a virtuous cycle. The...
World Development Report 2014: Risk and Opportunity The World Development Report (WDR) 2014 examines how improving risk management can lead to larger gains in development and poverty reduction. It will argue that improving risk management is crucial...
World Economic Outlook 2014: Legacies, Clouds, Uncertainties International Monetary Fund The analysis and projections contained in the World Economic Outlook are integral elements of the IMF’s surveillance of economic developments and policies in its member countries, of developments in...
World Migration Report 2011 - Communicating Effectively about Migration The World Migration Report 2011, produced by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), discusses public perceptions and attitudes regarding migration globally. It analyses the way in which...
World Migration Report 2013 - Migrant Well-Being and Development IOM The World Migration Report 2013: Migrant Well-being and Development - the seventh report in International Organization for Migration's (IOM) World Migration Report (WMR) series - focuses on the...
World Press Freedom Index 2009 Reporters Without Borders The press freedom index that Reporters Without Borders publishes every year measures the level of freedom of information in different countries. Reporters Without Borders compiles the index every...
World Press Freedom Index 2010 Reporters Without Borders The press freedom index that Reporters Without Borders publishes every year measures the level of freedom of information in different countries. In 2010, the defence of media freedom continued to be...
World Press Freedom Index 2011-2012 Reporters Without Borders The press freedom index that Reporters Without Borders publishes every year measures the level of freedom of information in different countries. The 2011-2012 World Press Freedom Index sees many...
World Press Freedom Index 2013 Reporters Without Borders
World Press Freedom Index 2013 Reporters Without Borders Reporters Without Borders’ annual World Press Freedom Index measures the level of freedom of information in nearly 180 countries. The rankings reflect the degree of freedom that journalists, news...
World Press Freedom Index 2014 Reporters Without Borders The press freedom index that Reporters Without Borders publishes every year measures the level of freedom of information in 180 countries. The 2014 World Press Freedom Index spotlights the negative...
World: Freedom to Choose, Change or Renounce Religion or Belief Willy Fautre, Human Rights Without Frontiers International Human Rights Without Frontiers has identified ten countries among many others where the individual freedom to change religion or belief is grossly violated. In eight of these countries, apostasy is...
World: Freedom to Choose, Change or Renounce Religion or Belief Willy Fautre
yahoodian va varzesh
Yes I Can: Leadership for Teens Ages 13-17 Years WLP Bahrain/Be-Free Program The Women’s Learning Partnership (WLP) has developed curriculum designed to develop skills that will help empower young women to realize their own potential in improving not only their own lives, but...
You Can Detain Anyone for Anything Human Rights Watch
You Can Detain Anyone for Anything Human Rights Watch This 51-page report documents the expansion in scope and number of the individuals and activities persecuted by the Iranian government over the last two years.
Young Citizens and Civic Learning: Two Paradigms of Citizenship in the Digital Age W. Lance Bennetta, Chris Wellsa and Allison Ranka
Young Citizens and Civic Learning: Two Paradigms of Citizenship in the Digital Age W. Lance Bennett, Chris Wells, and Allison Rank This paper examines research on school-based civic education in different post-industrial democracies. It explains that younger generations of students who are computer proficient have begun to use...
روانشناسی مذاکر
مقایسه تعامل ایران و عربستان با فرآیند جهانی شدن اقتصا
کنش های مثال زدنی
کنشهای کوچک و مثال زدنی از ایستادگی مدنی - بخش دوازدهم
کنشهای کوچک و مثال زدنی از ایستادگی مدنی -بخش سوم
کنشهای کوچک و مثال زدنی از ایستادگی مدنی- بخش نهم
کنشهای کوچک و مثال زدنی از ایستادگی مدنی- بخش هشتم
کنشهای کوچک و مثال زدنی از ایستادگی مدنی- بخش یازدهم
“We Are a Buried Generation”: Discrimination and Violence against Sexual Minorities in Iran Human Rights Watch
“We Are a Buried Generation”: Discrimination and Violence against Sexual Minorities in Iran Human Rights Watch Based on testimony from more than 100 Iranians, this report documents discrimination and violence against LGBT people and others whose sexual practices and gender expression do not conform to...
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