Alexander Solzhenitsyn “Live Not by Lies”

Born in 1918, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn has been acknowledged as one of the greatest writers of the twentieth century. As a boy he was thoroughly steeped in the history and literature of Russia; he studied at the University of Rostov and later taught mathematics and astronomy at a secondary school in southern Russia. After the Nazi attack on the Soviet Union he served in the Red Army. In 1945, he was arrested for a critical reference to Stalin in a private letter and was sentenced without a hearing to eight years in a labor camp. His prison term ended on the day of Stalin’s death in 1953, but he was placed in “perpetual exile” in Kazakhstan rather than given his freedom.

Nikita Khrushchev’s accession to power in 1957 brought a period of relative liberalization, marked by efforts to banish the Stalinist cult of personality. Like many other victims of the Stalin era, Solzhenitsyn was released from exile, and his conviction was voided. In 1962, Solzhenitsyn’s One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich, a fictionalized portrayal of life in a prison camp, was published with Khrushchev’s explicit approval. The novel won worldwide acclaim and was translated into every major European language.

When Khrushchev was ousted in 1964, the de-Stalinization program abruptly ended, and Solzhenitsyn and his work fell out of favor with the authorities. His archives and a new novel, The First Circle, were seized by the police. Solzhenitsyn’s celebrity as a writer and his courageous resistance to attempts to silence him brought him international attention. In 1970, after being dropped by the Union of Soviet Writers the previous year, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature.

His Books and Manuals continued to be published in the West, to the embarrassment of the Soviet authorities. Solzhenitsyn was expelled from the Soviet Union in February 1974, shortly after the publication of the first volume of The Gulag Archipelago, an exposé of Soviet prison camps. He settled in the United States, in a small town in Vermont. On February 18, 1974, days after Solzhenitsyn’s expulsion, The Washington Post published this appeal to his countrymen.

Source: The Democracy Reader 



Get it on Google Play

If you do not have access to Google Play download the Android APK file below ( Android 4.2.2 and higher). 



«چهل روزه بابام رو ندیدم. دلم برای بابام تنگ شده. چرا بابام رو کشتید؟» این ویدئو از مراسم چهلم جمشید مختاری جونقان…
Tavaana (24 minutes ago)
کاظم صدیقی، امام جمعه تهران: محسنی اژه‌ای نورانی است. قضات ما بوی پیغمبر می‌دهند. - قوه قضاییه از فاسد‌ترین نهادها…
Tavaana (2 hours ago)
لیبریا؛ جنبش زنان برای صلح، در محاصره خشونت - سال ۲۰۰۳ در لیبریا، چهاردهمین سال جنگ‌های داخلی بود. پرزیدنت چارلز ت…
Tavaana (6 hours ago)
RT @mahya_vrv: اون زیبایی‌های ایران که خانوم هدی‌رستمی‌ میخواستن به جهانیان نشون بدن:
Tavaana (14 hours ago)
معیشت مردم چنان در تنگنا قرارگرفته که ساده‌زیستی مورد ادعا و سفارش‌شده توسط روحانیون و منبریان هم غیرممکن شده‌است.…
Tavaana (14 hours ago)
ما کاخ کرملین رو حسینیه نکردیم، اما اونا وزارت خارجه ما رو سالن عروسی کردند! - جملات بالا کنایه مخاطبان به حضور سخ…
Tavaana (16 hours ago)
...تحت فشار اقتصادی مجبور به کاهش هزینه‌ها شده‌اند، از تجربه خود و اطرافیانتان بگویید. چگونه با این سونامی مرحله‌…
Tavaana (19 hours ago)
...مردم لُنگ به خودشون ببندند و نان خشک بخورند و وبسایت "تبیان" وابسته به سازمان تبلیغات اسلامی هم دیروز به مردم تو…
Tavaana (19 hours ago)